From an HIV-infected pregnant woman to her baby
Through unprotected sexual intercourse
Through transfusion of HIV-contaminated blood
Through the use of needles already used by a person who carries the virus
To know if you have been infected with HIV and detect the presence of the virus in your body, you should get screened for HIV. The HIV screening process can tell us how severe the disease has become, and how the person’s antibodies are responding. HIV is a disease that we should not just ignore, and we have to help those that are at risk of it.
There are different methods of HIV screening. Two of the widely-used are called the Western Blot Tests and the ELISA. They are diagnostic procedures that medical professionals have been using for years now, and they have proven to be precise and accurate when diagnosing HIV.
In ELISA, a blood sample of the patient is needed to determine if there are HIV antibodies present. It is a very common procedure all over the world and is recommended by doctors and other workers in the field.
In the developing countries, the Rapid Latex Agglutination Assay is very common because it is cheaper compared to the other methods. It is a blood test that can determine if you are HIV positive or negative without all the high-tech, expensive testing tools and facilities.
Another method used is called the Radioimmuniprecipitation Assay, also known as RIPA. It makes use of a very powerful equipment to diagnose a person. It is quite expensive and only licensed and expert laboratory technicians are allowed to perform it. It also takes a while to get the results.
Or, you can use a rapid HIV screen test kit by STD Rapid Test Kits to test for HIV by yourself, at home, whenever you want. And, after only 15 minutes, you can get a highly accurate and reliable test result.