With the age of modern technology, more methods for testing HIV have been introduced to us over the past years. These new techniques are more efficient at analyzing and diagnosing the infection, thus making them more in demand as more and more people fall prey to the attacks of this deadly virus.
The Human Immunodeficiency Virus, if left untreated, may lead to the development of the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome or AIDS, which up to now has got no cure. This is the reason why it is extremely crucial to take a test of HIV while the virus is still new to the body. This way, doctors can do something about it before it spreads to the other systems.
According to statistics, the mortality rate of HIV patients is 90%, and most of them are between the ages of 20 and 49 years. The types of people that are most likely to get infected with it are those that engage in homosexual activities, sexual intercourse with multiple partners, constant anal sex, and having unprotected sex.
HIV can be transmitted to another person in a number of ways. First and foremost, sexual contact with an HIV positive individual can infect you with the disease. Sharing of infected blood and needles is also a way for the virus to travel around. A pregnant woman with HIV can pass the infection to her unborn through the placenta, and after giving birth through breastfeeding.
Ways of Testing for HIV
If you feel that you have been infected with HIV, it is best to take a test for HIV immediately. There are several methods to do that, and all of them are created to know if there are HIV antibodies present in your bloodstream.
Instant HIV Test
This type of test is suited for those people that have been exposed to the virus for about three months before the exam is done. It can either be an HIV DUO or HIV DNA test. A patient should go to an HIV clinic or other medical facilities in order to get tested for this.
This method is done to patients that have contracted the virus for more than one month from the date of exam.
HIV DNA PCR
This method uses a patient’s blood sample to diagnose HIV. It is recommended to people who have been exposed to the virus more than two weeks from the date of the exam.
This method is done to patients that have been exposed to the virus for more than three months from the date of testing.
To know more about these tests, you can talk to your doctor so that he or she can help you choose which method is best for you. You can also visit an STD clinic to learn more about the disease. We all have to work together to stop the spread of HIV!