Probably the most intimidating disease problem these days is the Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV. It can infect everybody, regardless of what age, weight, height, or nationality. It is identified as a pandemic illness because of its ability to rapidly spread from an individual to another.

There are actually two kinds of HIV: HIV-1 and HIV-2. From these two, the HIV-1 has the ability to spread out swifter and is the cause of worldwide problems.

The four stages of HIV 

A person who is afflicted with HIV will experience four stages. These are the following:

  1. First Stage - The initial stage is referred to as the incubation period. In this circumstance, zero obvious warning signals are found by the affected individual. It can survive in between just a few days and several weeks.
  2. Second Stage - An affected male or female begins showing several symptoms such as a sore throat, intense rashes, deteriorating muscles, mouth sores, soreness of the lymph nodes, and fever.
  3. Third Stage - This stage is known as the latency period. It can remain for as long as three years, but if the sufferer passes through antiretroviral treatments, he or she can decrease the span down to three or four weeks. During this period, the immune system starts to generate antibodies that will beat the virus.
  4. Fourth Stage - This stage is when the affected individual gets AIDS. This frequently takes place when HIV is left undiagnosed and ignored. AIDS sufferers also do antiretroviral treatment approach.

A few decades back, there was this notion is that only homosexual males can be affected by the virus, and they are the only carriers of the viral strain. These are not certainly right. Males and females can get HIV and have the virus if they have been in sexual contact with someone that is already infected with the virus. Other than that, expectant girls can also transfer the sickness to their babies throughout the time of the pregnancy period. Sharing of hypodermics and blood transfusion could also enable the virus to travel from one man or woman to another.

In accordance with the World Health Organization, lower than one percent of the world’s population is HIV-positive, and that quantity advances to become greater and larger each day. In the developing areas, the endeavors to make people acquainted with the infection are steady. Many scientific studies, studies, and movements are done to advise and inform them of the risks of HIV.