HIV is a disease that can be avoided. People should know how to protect themselves from it so that they can save themselves from enduring various complications and illnesses. One effective thing to accomplish that is to get an HIV screening test.
HIV screening testing and diagnostic processes are designed for checking the activities of the HIV antibodies in the body system of a person. They have been recognized to offer a productive and accurate diagnosis for many years now. Even so, there will be instances when the conventional methods will show inadequacy, and so the aid of the least widely used strategies are tapped.

ELISA

One of the most widely accepted HIV testing technique is called ELISA. It is a process that is the most generally accepted and most patronized among them. It needs a patient’s blood sample which will be tested for tracks of HIV antibodies. It is executed along with a confirmatory process called the Western Blot. Both these kinds of procedures call for exquisite modern technology and are a lot pricier than the other ones.

Radioimmunoprecipitation Assay

However, if in case the Western Blot test cannot identify the occurrence of the antibodies, researchers can try another confirmatory method known as the Radioimmunoprecipitation Assay. It uses a fully-functioning diagnostic tool that will search for the antibodies overlooked by the Western Blot test. It will, however, cost the sufferer more and take a much longer time to offer results. Only professional lab technicians can perform the test.

Rapid Latex Agglutination Assay

If you are on a restricted budget, the Rapid Latex Agglutination Assay is an alternate choice that is not as difficult and very expensive as the earlier methods. It is ideal for developing countries that are hunting for a cost-effective HIV screening approach minus the sky-high expenses.

Home screening tests

Furthermore, there are also home HIV screening tests designed for those that value their personal space. In the United Kingdom, the utilization of home screening tests was launched six years ago. In this instance, a patient is expected to send over to the laboratory a sample of his or her saliva. Although the process is much less heavy, they say that saliva is not an incredibly dependable specimen to locate the HIV antibodies. They still feel that blood samples are way more beneficial for this function.

It is actually expensive to perform all these tests. That is exactly why it is far better to avoid the attack of HIV to your body as compared to get affected by it and find methods to cure it. Do not forget to use protection when having sex, and simply make sure to live a type of lifestyle that will not put you vulnerable to these types of medical disorders.