HIVIn the USA, there is more than two million prisoners in jails all across the country, and as they are incarcerated, they are also at high risk of getting infected with HIV and spreading it onto others in that same environment. Prisoners in correctional facilities have a lot of health problems and issues, which, apart from HIV, include getting infected with other sexually transmitted diseases, as well as hepatitis and tuberculosis. Most of these people get infected with HIV outside the correctional institutions, in their communities, and when they end up in prisons, they pose a great risk to other inmates as well. Most factors for this include drug use, which is the most common reason, working in commercial sex industry, or they have some mental illness, which is usually untreated, and they come from lower socioeconomic backgrounds.

 

Statistics

 

There are over two million people in jails across the USA today, as we already mentioned. The most underrepresented population in correctional institutions in the USA are both men and women of color. Statistics say that black males rate of being incarcerated is at least seven times higher than the rate of white males, while the same rate in black females at least three times higher than that of black females. In prisons in recent years the rate of known cases of HIV infections was almost 3 times the rate of the overall rate in the general population in the USA.

 

Prevention Problems And Testing

 

Correctional institutions are the places where most men and women are being diagnosed with IHV infection. This setting is basically ideal for other health issues to get researched and developed, like other sexually transmitted diseases or infections, tuberculosis, viral hepatitis and other health problems. These institutions can also offer the inmates interventions for reducing the risk of numerous infections, and they can also provide initial treatment and care for individuals who get infected with those sexually transmitted diseases. Although, these things that they offer and the staff involved in the process, they confront numerous challenges related to treatment, testing, a lot of concerns that arise when it comes to keeping the medical records confidential. There is also a factor of low financial aid connected to testing of HIV in these correctional institutions, as well as some of logistical problems that affect the inmates and their change in numbers.

 

Interventions About Preventing HIV And CDC Issues

 

Apart from getting people to test themselves to see if they are infected with HIV, the recommendation comes from CDC that the state has to work on providing education about prevention of sexually transmitted diseases, information about the dangers that they impose on people, and counselling for every inmate who might think that they are infected with HIV virus. In return, CDC does fund local and state health departments and non-profit community organizations to provide testing, counselling   and other health prevention services for incarcerated population in prisons in the USA. They also fund various programs to implement HIV rapid screening into the medical care in correctional institutions.