What is HIV?
HIV is a sexually-transmitted disease that has victimized several millions of people in the world. It has made a lot of headlines around the globe because of how much damage and harm it inflicts on humans.
HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. It affects only humans. When it enters the human body, it attacks the immune system and causes the body to feel weak. Once it starts its destructive nature, a person infected with HIV will have a hard time fighting off all the other viruses, bacteria, or diseases that may enter the body.
Unlike other diseases caused by a virus, HIV is not something that our bodies can get rid of after some time. childbirth colds can be cured after a few days, but HIV is different. It can stay in the body for as long as it wants until the person is no longer to function well because he or she has become so weak.
What is AIDS?
AIDS stands for Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome. It is the final stage of HIV. People who have been infected with HIV will later progress to having AIDS. This disease does not have a known cure as of the moment, and it has taken the lives of millions of people around the world.
AIDS patients have an extremely damaged immune system so they no longer are able to fight off other kinds of diseases. They are very susceptible to acquiring other illnesses because their immune systems are no longer capable of doing their jobs.
How is HIV/AIDS transmitted?
The primary method of transmission of HIV/AIDS is through the exchange of infected bodily fluids.
Having sex, whether oral, vaginal, or anal, with an HIV/AIDS patient will put you at risk of getting the disease as well. The fluids exchanged during sexual activity carries the virus, so when it enters the other person’s body, the virus will find its way to their bloodstream and start attacking their immune systems as well.
Pregnant mothers infected with HIV/AIDS may pass the disease on to their babies during childbirth. The mother’s amniotic fluid, blood, and breast milk can carry the virus, so their babies are very likely to also be infected with HIV/AIDS if they are always in constant contact.
Sharing needles, syringes, and other paraphernalia with an HIV/AIDS patient is also a way to contract the disease. So beware of all the things that you use because they might carry the virus and enter your body.