What are the most common symptoms of the hepatitis disease?
The symptoms of acute hepatitis include diarrhea, loss of appetite (which may lead to anorexia), malaise, headache, fever, abdominal pain, and joint and muscle pains. A patient will also experience vomiting and feel nauseous all the time. His or her urine will be of darker color, and his or her stool will look like clay. The skin and mucous membranes will take a yellowish or jaundice color.
In chronic hepatitis, the symptoms include weight loss, fatigue, edema, weakness, bleeding, and bruising. The patient’s liver will begin to be swollen, resulting in the enlargement of the abdomen. Fluid accumulation in the abdominal area is also possible.
What should you do if you experience these symptoms?
It is important to test hepatitis once you notice the symptoms because the disease can progress to other diseases such as permanent liver damage and cirrhosis. The process of diagnosing hepatitis includes the detection of anti-HAV/anti-HCV/other hepatitis-related antibodies in the body’s bloodstream, an increase in the amount of alkaline phosphatase and time for prothrombin, and more globulins in the patient’s blood.
How is hepatitis cured?
Treatment for hepatitis varies. There are five categories of the disease, namely hepatitis A, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, hepatitis D, and hepatitis E. Each one of them is caused by a different virus or element, so the methods for diagnosing, testing, and treating also differ.
Some of the types will require the intake of prescription medicines such as antiviral drugs. Some have intramuscular injections and vaccines for the patients.