Hepatitis is among today's most common diseases. It is the umbrella term used to refer to several medical conditions that cause the liver to inflame. The inflammation is caused by inflammatory cells that originated from an infection, injuries, or medications and toxins.
There are two types of hepatitis: acute and chronic. Acute hepatitis usually lasts between a couple months and six months, while chronic hepatitis can last six months or longer.
Hepatitis can be contracted in different ways. It can be caused by certain types of bacteria, viruses, parasites, protozoa, algae, or fungi. It can also be the result of drug abuse or drug overdose, metabolic diseases, excessive alcohol consumption, and autoimmune disorders.
The symptoms of acute hepatitis include diarrhea, appetite loss, malaise, headache, fever, abdominal pain, and joint and muscle pains. A patient will also experience vomiting and feel nauseous all the time. His or her urine will be of darker color, and his or her stool will look like clay. The skin and mucus membranes will take a yellowish color.
In chronic hepatitis, the symptoms include weight loss, fatigue, edema, weakness, bleeding, and bruising. The patient’s liver will begin to inflame, resulting to the enlargement of the abdomen. Fluid accumulation in the abdominal area is also possible.
To avoid getting infected with the virus or stop spreading the virus, people are encouraged to undergo hepatitis testing. Medical experts have introduced several different ways to detect the presence of the disease in the human body. One of them is the use of rapid hepatitis test kits.