Hepatitis C explained

Hepatitis C is caused by a virus called the Hepatitis C Virus, which also goes by the acronym HCV. It attacks the liver and causes all kinds of harm that you can imagine. It can be spread very easily and has infected a lot of people worldwide.

A hepatitis C infection can either be a temporary condition, which is known as acute hepatitis C, or a permanent one, which is known as chronic hepatitis C.

Hepatitis C symptoms

There are many symptoms that will manifest once a person gets infected with hepatitis C. some of the most common are the following:

  • Dark yellow urine
  • Clay-colored feces
  • Yellowing of the eyes or skin, which is known as jaundice
  • Fatigue
  • Appetite loss
  • Muscle pains
  • Joint pains
  • Abdominal pains
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Fever

Hepatitis C modes of transmission

There are various ways to transmit hepatitis C from one person to another. Having sex with a person with Hepatitis C is one way to acquire the infection. Sharing contaminated needles, syringes, and other paraphernalia is also a method to contract hepatitis C. A pregnant woman who is infected with hepatitis C-infected can also transmit the infection to her unborn child upon childbirth.

Hepatitis C high-risk group

There are certain groups of people that are more susceptible to contracting hepatitis C. They are the ones who are strongly encouraged to get tested for hepatitis C. They are the following:

  • Drug addicts who use syringes and other paraphernalia to inject drugs into their bloodstream
  • People who have undergone blood transfusions or organ transplants
  • People who are suffering from a liver disease
  • People who are infected with HIV or AIDS
  • People who work in the medical field and are constantly exposed to Hepatitis C patients

Hepatitis C testing

The surest way to get tested for Hepatitis C is by visiting a clinic or hospital. These medical facilities have the right laboratory tools and materials to conduct a hepatitis C test. They will usually need a fluid sample from a person in order to proceed with the examination. Hepatitis C testing can be done by using a blood sample of a potential patient. A medical worker will look for traces of hepatitis C antibodies in the blood in order to determine whether you have hepatitis C or not. If there are, it means that you are positive with Hepatitis C, so you must immediately seek treatment.