What is Hepatitis B?
Hepatitis B is an infection that attacks the liver. It is caused by the Hepatitis B virus and is contagious.
A person who contracts Hepatitis B may suffer from mild symptoms of the infection that may last for several weeks to severe complications that may last for a long time, or in some cases, permanently.
What are the types of Hepatitis B?
There are two types of Hepatitis B. Acute Hepatitis B is a short-term variation of Hepatitis B. It usually shows up within six months since exposure to the virus. If not treated immediately, it may progress to the second type of Hepatitis B which is known as Chronic Hepatitis B. Chronic Hepatitis B is a long-term Hepatitis B infection that people may suffer from if they fail to get treatment for Hepatitis B while it is still in the form of Acute Hepatitis B. It is a permanent condition so getting rid of it is not possible.
How is Hepatitis B passed on from one person to another?
Hepatitis B can be transmitted through the exchange of semen, blood, and other bodily fluids. So if you will have unprotected sex with a Hepatitis B-infected person, you are going to get the Hepatitis B virus as well. A few points to note:
- Using contaminated or used needles, razors, toothbrushes, and other materials can also put you at risk for Hepatitis B.
- Avoid getting into direct contact with an open sore, wound, or blood of a Hepatitis B-positive person.
- Hepatitis B can also be passed on from an infected pregnant woman to her child during delivery.
What are the common symptoms of Hepatitis B?
There are several symptoms of Hepatitis B that people should watch out for. They are the following:
- Loss of appetite
- Dark-colored urine
- Joint pains
- Pains in the stomach or abdominal area
- Clay-colored feces
- Yellowing of the eyes and/or skin also called jaundice
How can you get tested for Hepatitis B?
You can get tested for Hepatitis B by blood testing. You should consult your doctor as soon as you suspect that you may have contracted the virus or once you notice the symptoms of Hepatitis B.
Hepatitis B testing is necessary so that you will know your real medical condition and so that you can get the right kind of treatment as soon as possible.