What is Hepatitis B?

Hepatitis B is an infection that attacks the liver. It is caused by the Hepatitis B virus and is contagious.

A person who contracts Hepatitis B may suffer from mild symptoms of the infection that may last for several weeks to severe complications that may last for a long time, or in some cases, permanently.

What are the types of Hepatitis B?

There are two types of Hepatitis B. Acute Hepatitis B is a short-term variation of Hepatitis B. It usually shows up within six months since exposure to the virus. If not treated immediately, it may progress to the second type of Hepatitis B which is known as Chronic Hepatitis B. Chronic Hepatitis B is a long-term Hepatitis B infection that people may suffer from if they fail to get treatment for Hepatitis B while it is still in the form of Acute Hepatitis B. It is a permanent condition so getting rid of it is not possible.

How is Hepatitis B passed on from one person to another?

Hepatitis B can be transmitted through the exchange of semen, blood, and other bodily fluids. So if you will have unprotected sex with a Hepatitis B-infected person, you are going to get the Hepatitis B virus as well. A few points to note:

  • Using contaminated or used needles, razors, toothbrushes, and other materials can also put you at risk for Hepatitis B.
  • Avoid getting into direct contact with an open sore, wound, or blood of a Hepatitis B-positive person.
  • Hepatitis B can also be passed on from an infected pregnant woman to her child during delivery.

What are the common symptoms of Hepatitis B?
There are several symptoms of Hepatitis B that people should watch out for. They are the following:

  • Fever
  • Loss of appetite
  • Dark-colored urine
  • Fatigue
  • Joint pains
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Pains in the stomach or abdominal area
  • Clay-colored feces
  • Yellowing of the eyes and/or skin also called jaundice

How can you get tested for Hepatitis B?

You can get tested for Hepatitis B by blood testing. You should consult your doctor as soon as you suspect that you may have contracted the virus or once you notice the symptoms of Hepatitis B.

Hepatitis B testing is necessary so that you will know your real medical condition and so that you can get the right kind of treatment as soon as possible.