Hepatitis B is caused by the Hepatitis B virus that can be transmitted from one person to another through different ways, such as:

  • Living with Hepatitis B-infected people
  • Having unprotected sex with an infected person 
  • Sharing drug needles and other paraphernalia with an infected person
  • Those who have multiple sex partners
  • Sharing of toothbrush, razor, or other things that could have Hepatitis B-infected blood on them
  • Use of unclean or unsterilized tattooing or body piercing equipment
  • Someone who has a kidney disease and undergoes dialysis
  • From an infected mother to her baby


Hepatitis B can be avoided prevented. Here are some tips on how to do it:

  • Use condoms all the time.
  • Be careful when handling blood and other body fluids of infected persons.
  • Do not reuse used syringes, needles, and other similar equipment.
  • Expectant mothers should undergo Hepatitis B testing.
  • Hepatitis B vaccine should be administered to all babies, young people, and even adults who haven't had it.