Chlamydia What Is It?

Chlamydia - A sexually transmitted disease or infection caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis, which can be potentially serious for both men and women if left untreated.

How Does One Get Chlamydia?

It is contracted and passed on by not following safe sexual practices.  Pregnant women who have chlamydia can pass it on their child during birth in the form of lung or eye infections. During the first two weeks, people can unknowingly pass it on, since they are no symptoms and they do not feel sick or see anything wrong with themselves. 

People Most At Risk

The people most at risk for chlamydia are

  • People under the age of 25 simply because they are young and not ready to settle down with one partner for life.
  • People who practice unprotected sexual acts
  • People who have multiple partners
  • People who have changed sexual partners in the past 12 months or less
  • People who have had another sexually transmitted disease and or have already had chlamydia before.

Signs And Symptoms

Not every woman has signs or symptoms but those that do should look for the following

  • Unpleasant discharge with odor
  • Painful sex
  • Lower abdominal pain
  • Urination that burns
  • Irregular or unusual bleeding between periods

Not all men have the same symptoms and some have none at all what to look for if you are a man

  • Urinations that burns
  • Testicle swelling or pain on one or both sides
  • Discharge from the penis that is yellowish or whitish
  • Irritation or feeling sore around the urethra

How Can You Know If You Have Chlamydia

If you have any of the symptoms listed above or if you are having sex with multiple partners see a doctor and get tested.  The test is a urine sample and a cotton swab for women from the vaginal area that is sent to the lab, this may be a good time to get tested for other sexually transmitted diseases.  If your doctor doesn’t talk to you about contacting your partners, do so immediately do not wait for the test results. Urge them to get tested also.

Treatment Forms

The treatment for chlamydia is a dose of antibiotics, which is administered, in a single dose or a 7-day dose. Do not have sex until after you have finished treatment and been retested.

You should avoid alcohol while taking this medication as it can cause it not to work as well. 

Serious Complications If Left Untreated

Leaving chlamydia untreated could cause serious complications such as

  • PID
  • Prostate inflammation
  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Infertility for both men and women

Prevention And Reducing The Risk

In order to prevent chlamydia altogether abstain from any kind of sex. To reduce your risk, always practice safe protected sexual activities.  Have a long-term monogamous relationship with both of you cleared by testing first. Also, have yearly screening especially if you have already had chlamydia or another STD before this can keep you from having severe long-term effects from it.