Caused by bacteria, gonorrhea can infect females and bring about various symptoms and complications. If not detected and treated right away, women with gonorrhea can suffer greatly and endanger their health seriously.

Common complications in women

Women who fail to get treatment for their gonorrhea is at risk for the following complications:

  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  • Infertility
  • Chronic pelvic pain
  • Fitz-Hugh–Curtis syndrome 
  • Tubo-ovarian abscess
  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Inflammation of the Bartholin glands

Complications in pregnant women

In pregnant women, more complications may arise, such as:

  • Risk of a miscarriage
  • Preterm labor or premature birth
  • Premature rupture of the membranes (PROM)
  • Infection of the uterus lining

Complications in a newborn child

If a gonorrhea-infected woman gives birth, her baby may contract the infection and lead to:

  • Conjunctivitis
  • Bloodstream infection
  • Joint inflammation
  • Scalp infections
  • Meningitis