Caused by bacteria, gonorrhea can infect females and bring about various symptoms and complications. If not detected and treated right away, women with gonorrhea can suffer greatly and endanger their health seriously.

Women who fail to get treatment for their gonorrhea are at risk for the following complications:

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)


Chronic pelvic pain

Fitz-Hugh–Curtis syndrome 

Tubo-ovarian abscess

Ectopic pregnancy

Inflammation of the Bartholin glands

In pregnant women, more complications may arise, such as:

Risk for a miscarriage

Preterm labor or premature birth

Premature rupture of the membranes (PROM)

Infection of the uterus lining

If a gonorrhea-infected woman gives birth, her baby may contract the infection and lead to:


Bloodstream infection

Joint inflammation

Scalp infections