The Human Immunodeficiency Virus, or HIV, is a very widespread sexually-transmitted disease that is common in many poor nations. It can easily be transmitted from one person to another through:

  • - unprotected sex
  • - sharing of needles, syringes, etc to inject drugs into the body
  • - blood transfusion or organ transplant of infected blood/organ
  • - from an infected mother to baby


HIV occurs in stages, and each stage is made up of different sets of symptoms. Usually, the earliest stage does not trigger signs and symptoms, and as a result of that, many HIV cases are left untested and untreated.

Here are the early symptoms of HIV:

  • - Exhaustion- Rash
  • - Fever
  • - Swollen lymph glands
  • - Sore throat
  • - Headache

If the virus is still untreated, it will progress to the next stage and trigger the following:

  • - Coughing
  • - Weight loss
  • - Diarrhea

In the late stage of HIV, here are the symptoms that may occur:

  • - Chronic diarrhea
  • - Persistent headaches
  • - Unusual infections
  • - Chills
  • - Night Sweats
  • - Persistent fatigue