Brought on by the Treponema pallidum bacterium, the syphilis disease is practically always contracted via sexual contact with an existing syphilis sore, despite the fact that a congenital infection wherein a pregnant woman passes the illness to her unborn kid is quite possible. Syphilis sores usually manifest on the genitals, anus, or inside the rectal area, but they might also appear on the mouth.
Transmission frequently takes place when a person comes into contact with lesions on an affected individual via sexual activity. Guys tend to be more susceptible to contracting syphilis as compared to girls.
The warning signs of syphilis happen in stages known as primary, secondary and late. The first or primary indicator of syphilis is typically a sore, which is not painful and shows up at the site of original contact. It might be coupled with inflamed glands, which grow within a week after the presence of the first sore. The sore could endure from one to five weeks, and may vanish by itself no matter if no treatment is obtained. About six weeks after the sore first shows up, a man or woman will get into the second stage of the health problem.
The secondary stage generally commences weeks to months after the chancre sore shows up. Syphilis bacteria go into the blood vessels and distribute through the body, leading to numerous symptoms, which includes rash (little red-colored spots), fever, throbbing headache, loss of appetite, and losing extra weight.
The tertiary stage is also known as late benign syphilis. This late type of syphilis is capable of damage of almost any organ inside the body. Granulomas (also known as gummas) can be found in the tissues, bones, and skin. The heart and blood vessels, and central nervous system are generally the most badly affected.
Syphilis is a quick matter to get rid of, if spotted early on: just one single intramuscular shot of the antibiotic penicillin G or azithromycin is necessary. But yet, this is only the circumstance for infections of twelve months or less. Various other shots will be essential for longer infections. Various other antibiotics can be swapped for individuals who are allergic to penicillin. Treatment for syphilis will heal someone of the health issue, but it will not cure whatever injury has already been executed.