HIV screening tests and diagnostic methods are designed for overseeing the actions of the HIV antibodies in the body of a person. They have been shown to offer an outstanding and exact diagnosis for quite some time now. Yet, there will be occasions when the standard methods will show inadequacy, and so the help of the least widely used strategies are tapped.
Techniques used to diagnose HIV
The following are only a handful of the regular HIV diagnostics medical experts still utilize up to now:
- ELISA is a procedure that is the most preferred and most patronized among them. It entails a patient’s blood sample which will be examined for signs of HIV antibodies. It is performed along with a confirmatory operation called the Western Blot. Both these procedures necessitate state-of-the-art technological innovation and are a lot pricier as compared with the others.
- In the event that the Western Blot test does not identify the occurrence of the antibodies, experts can consider another confirmatory process referred to as the Radioimmunoprecipitation Assay. It utilizes a superior diagnostic device that will find the antibodies not noticed by the Western Blot test. It will, however, cost the person more and use a much longer time to give results. Only experienced lab technicians may perform the test.
- If you are in a restricted financial position, the Rapid Latex Agglutination Assay is an alternative that is not as tricky and costly as the earlier procedures. It is recommended for developing countries that are searching for a cost-effective HIV screening technique minus the sky-high fees.
- There are also home HIV screening tests intended for people who value their privacy. In the United Kingdom, the usage of home screening tests was presented six years ago. In this situation, a patient is requested to send over to the laboratory a sample of his or her saliva. Whilst the process is less cumbersome, they say that saliva is not a really efficient specimen to identify the HIV antibodies. They still feel that blood samples are way much better for this task.
It is actually expensive to go through all these tests. That is why it is better to defend against the strike of HIV to your body than to get afflicted with it and find ways to treat it. Always bear in mind to make use of protection when having sexual relations, and merely attempt to live some sort of lifestyle that will not put you susceptible to these types of medical conditions.