The difference between sexually transmitted diseases (STD) and sexually transmitted infections (STI) is non-existent because they are synonyms. They both refer to bacteria that are transmitted from one person to another through sexual contact, vaginal intercourse, oral sex, anal contact, for example. These conditions, if we might call them that can also be transmitted via unsterilized drug needles, and from mother onto a child during pregnancy, as well as after birth.
What Is A Sexually Transmitted Infection?
Sexually transmitted infections or diseases are as old as the human race, so to speak. They have a long history in the countries all over the world. Bacteria that live on your skin or that mucous membrane of both male and female genitals can be passed on to someone else, as well as bacteria in semen, or vaginal fluid or even blood that you exchange with your partner during sexual contact. These diseases were called venereal diseases in the past, but now the terms that we use in this article are most common and modern to use today. Also, sexually transmitted diseases are more commonly transmitted during unprotected sex, without any protection, not even a condom. Some of the infections can be transmitted by sexual contact but are not necessarily classified as sexually transmitted infections.
Some Of The Sexually Transmitted Infections
Some of the most common examples of sexually transmitted diseases are chlamydia, which doesn’t show any particular symptoms, but can hurt your sexual health and can be transmitted at any time to someone else. Women are most affected with chlamydia, which can cause them to have cystitis, pelvic pain, and painful sexual intercourse, among other things. Chancroid is a bacterial infection, which is characterized by painful wounds in the genital area. Infection numbers are really low in rich countries, but in less developed ones it can be quite often. Crabs or pubic lice are spread through sexual intercourse, in a way that the lice attaches itself to human pubic hair and then progresses to the other parts on the body, and they feed on human blood. Furthermore, we have cases of genital herpes, which are again; more common in the female population than in male, and it is a virus that affects the skin, genitals, and some other parts of the body. This is a long-term and chronic disease that can go into remission but can never really be exterminated from the system. We already know everything about HIV, and HPV, human papillomavirus, which are one of those sexually transmitted diseases that are simply here to stay, they can be treated with antibiotics, but they never really go away, and out from your body. There is also an infection called trichomoniasis, which is a common sexually transmitted disease that affects men and women equally and manifests itself as the infection of the genital parts, which is nothing like molluscum contagiosum, which is a very contagious skin infection, that has several types, and is treated with cryotherapy.
How To Prevent Sexually Transmitted Infections
It is really simple: listen to your doctor, be aware of the dangers of STIs, practice safe sex, and test yourself regularly.