If HIV is not diagnosed and treated right away, it can lead to the progression of other serious medical conditions that can worsen a patient's situation. Here are some examples of complications that many HIV/AIDS suffer from:

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Cytomegalovirus

Cytomegalovirus or CMV is a complication related to HIV and AIDS. It is brought about by a common herpes virus, but because HIV patients have very weak immune system, they end up suffering from eye infections that may lead to blindness.

Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis or TB is said to be the top cause of death among patients with HIV and AIDS. TB results to damaged lungs and can also be destructive to other important organs of the body system, including the parts of the central nervous system.

Oral Candidiasis

Oral Candidiasis, or Oral Thrush, is an infection caused by a fungus, commonly known as yeast. It can result in infections in the mouth and other parts of the body. It may occur in vaginal area of the females and is called a vaginal yeast infection.

Pneumocystis Pneumonia

Pneumocystis Pneumonia or PCP is an airborne fungi which is quite common among HIV/AIDS patients because it can easily get inside a person's body and spread due to the weakened immune system.