Sexually-transmitted diseases, or STDs, are infections that can be spread through sexual contact. They can infect women and trigger various symptoms and complications. Here are some of the most common STDs in women.

1. Gonorrhea

This STD is caused by bacteria known as Neisseria gonorrhoeae. It is one of the oldest infections there is. According to statistics, more than one million women in the world today are infected with gonorrhea, and about a third of them are also at risk of contracting another common STD, Chlamydia, which we will discuss next.


2. Chlamydia

Chlamydia is also caused by bacteria, but this time, the bacteria is known as Chlamydia trachomatis. Every year, about four million women are reported to have contracted it. It does not always trigger visible symptoms, especially early on, but if they do show up, the most common are lower abdominal pains, odd vaginal discharge, and infection of the urethra.

3. Syphilis

This is a very old STD. It said to have been around for many centuries now. It is caused by bacteria known as the Treponema pallidum. If you observe it under a microscope, you will see a worm-like, spiral-shaped microorganism that moves around vigorously.

Women are encouraged to get tested for these STDs early on to avoid all the severe symptoms and complications.