The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is just like other viruses for example influenza with the exception that that as opposed to other viruses that remain in the human body for a little while, as soon as a person is infected he or she will always possess the virus HIV.

In some individuals signs and symptoms of infection are extremely severe and take place soon after infection then again others might experience not one of them. HIV signs or symptoms in males usually arise at a sluggish rate and with much less presence compared to females mainly because their immune systems are healthier thereby more effective at combating the viral strain infection.

Early indicators of HIV

Indicators of HIV are in many cases non-specific and could be mistaken as indications of some other medical conditions. It is because of this that indicators are not an excellent way of figuring out infection and getting tested for the existence of HIV antibodies is the most effective method of discovering whether or not an individual has been afflicted. Early indicators of HIV infection happen as the human body starts to produce antibodies to deal with the infection and are typically flu-like signs or symptoms known as the seroconversion syndrome. Seroconversion comes about between 6 weeks to 12 weeks after contamination.

Signs of HIV

Common signs of HIV are:

  • Muscle aches and pains and stiffness 
  • Fever 
  • Sore throat 
  • Inflamed or swollen lymph nodes 
  • Oral or vaginal candidiasis
  • Throbbing headache 
  • Lowered appetite 
  • Swollen liver or spleen 
  • Diarrhea 
  • Nausea and vomiting


These types of signs and symptoms typically vanish within 7 days to 30 days and are sometimes mistaken for some other health problems like infectious mononucleosis, influenza, or another virus. Individuals afflicted with the virus are quite infectious in this particular time as HIV contaminants are in extremely high amounts in their body fluids. 
After this stage of primary infection when these indicators of HIV settle down an afflicted man or woman becomes asymptomatic for an extended time of approximately eight to ten years or even more. 

Indicators of HIV infection

Having said that, in this time, CD4 cells keep deteriorating, incapacitating the immune system and HIV positive people might develop minor indicators of HIV just like:

  • Chronic skin rash breakouts or flaky skin layers 
  • Exhaustion 
  • Fevers and night sweats 
  • Fungal infection of the fingernails or toenails 
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease in females do not react to medication 
  • Oral Hairy Leukoplakia, characterized by a white-colored brush-like border on the edges of the tongue 
  • Herpes zoster, an agonizing nerve condition that is often coupled with blisters or rash 

Encountering these kinds of symptoms should prompt an individual to get HIV testing since a deteriorating immune system puts people at risk of getting much more serious HIV complications like severe weight loss, fall in the mental performance like short-term memory loss and contracting opportunistic contaminations.