Chlamydia, a sexually transmitted disease (STD), has various symptoms in men and women. Luckily, symptoms of chlamydia in men are present in almost 50 percent of the cases, as opposed to 25 percent in women. The remaining 50 percent cases of chlamydia in men require special attention as it is most likely that such cases may go unnoticed and cause complications in later stages.
Before the details of chlamydia symptoms are presented, here’s the data that tells why it is a problem. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention reported 1.5 million cases of chlamydia in the year 2015. This is by far the highest number of reported cases of chlamydia. Since then, the disease is on the rise.
Symptoms of chlamydia in men:
1. Chlamydia discharge:
Infection from chlamydia results in cloudy discharge from penis’s tip. It could be thick, or watery, milky or yellowish. This discharge is often not a continuous problem for the infected individuals. It is possible to have chlamydia discharge from penis for 1 day and then the person is symptom-free. The absence of chlamydia discharge poses a difficulty for men in detecting the infection.
2. Burning sensation:
A painful or burning sensation during urination is another common symptom of chlamydia in men. This is often one of the earliest signs of chlamydia. If you have had an unprotected sex and then experience burning on urination, it is possible that you might be suffering from chlamydia. Getting a test is recommended. If you do not want to visit hospital or clinic, home test kits can be an alternative.
3. Painful ejaculation:
Not only STDs cause a trouble regarding handling an infection, but they also present an issue when men go through ejaculation phase. It turns out that there is painful ejaculation in men with chlamydia. So, you have another reason to get the infection treated as soon as possible.
4. Testicular Pain:
Pain, swelling, tenderness, and inflammation of testicles, mostly on one side of the testis, is often seen in the cases of chlamydia in men.
5. Rectum related issues:
Almost 50 percent of the men experience rectal pain as a result of chlamydia. A chlamydia discharge from the rectum is also seen along with bleeding in the case of anal sex. Men are more likely to have rectum related issues if the source of infection was anal sex.
6. Sore throat:
As common sense indicates, symptoms of chlamydia appear in the throat from oral sex. Not only should the oral sex be prevented during infection, but also the signs of inflamed throat be given attention in the case of earlier unprotected sex. A sore throat is likely to be confused with a simple pharyngitis; however, if chlamydia discharge from penis and rectum, along with painful urination is present, then this sore throat might be an indication of chlamydia.
Rare signs and symptoms of chlamydia in men:
1. Inflammation of eyes:
Symptoms of chlamydia in men and women are not just limited to genitals. Any contact of semen or vaginal fluid with the eyes can result in a spread of infection causing red, painful eyes and discharge. These are the signs of conjunctivitis.
If chlamydia is left untreated, it can progress to another infection known as epididymitis; it is the inflammation of the tube which carries sperms from testes. Long term inflammation can cause scarring and blockage of this tube. Rarely, this can result in infertility in men. Symptoms of epididymitis are as follows:
- Pain in testicles
- Swelling of scrotum
- Lymphadenopathy (enlargement of lymph nodes)
- Pelvic pain
3. Reactive arthritis:
This is basically a complication of chlamydia in men. It happens when the condition is left untreated for a longer period or sometimes signs also appear weeks after the treatment is initiated. Reactive arthritis can result in red and inflamed joints.
Complications of chlamydia in men:
While chlamydia can cause infertility and ectopic pregnancy in women, men often take this infection lightly. Other than the symptoms of chlamydia in men, there is also a complication that can occur i.e. infertility. Chlamydial infection affects the production of sperms. Infected individuals have sperms that carry physical abnormalities 80 times more than uninfected men, whereas the mobility of such sperms is 10 percent less than those produced by non-infected men.
It is often termed as the silent infection because signs and symptoms of chlamydia are often not present. As it is said that prevention is better than cure, it is important to practice prevention when it comes to the issues of intimacy.
If any man has known chlamydia infection, he must inform his partner and practice protected sex. However, if symptoms of chlamydia in a man are not apparent, he wouldn’t be aware of the disease. Therefore, protected sex is the best way to prevent the spread of infection. Other than this, any time you have had unprotected sex with your partner, it is important to get tested for chlamydia infection. If visiting a physician is an issue for you, chlamydia home test kits come handy.