Chlamydia is easily the most common sexually-transmitted disease in the USA. It is caused by a bacterium called Chlamydia trachomatis.

Chlamydia infection that is not diagnosed and treated in males can lead to an inflammation of the urethra known as urethritis. This can cause a bladder infection, epididymitis, infection of the testicles, and prostate infection.


In females, undiagnosed and untreated Chlamydia could lead to inflammation of the cervix. The disease could also spread to the fallopian tubes and uterus and result in pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, and ectopic pregnancy. If pregnant while infected with Chlamydia, the baby could suffer from Chlamydia-related conjunctivitis and pneumonia. 

Even though a lot of Chlamydia cases do not have noticeable signs or symptoms, it is very important to be familiar with them if they do show up. Here are the most common Chlamydia signs and symptoms to watch out for:

In Males

• Pain in the testicles
• Unusual rectal or penis discharge
• Rectal pain
• Painful urination

In Females

• Strange vaginal or rectal discharge
• Vaginal or rectal pain
• Painful urination
• Pain during sexual intercourse

If any of these symptoms occur, go get a Chlamydia test right away to get a proper diagnosis of the disease and to be able to receive the appropriate antibiotic treatment.