Chlamydia is a prevalent type of sexually transmitted disease (STD) in the US that is caused by bacteria, the Chlamydia trachomatis. It is commonly asymptomatic, but if there are any kinds of warning signs, they are moderate.
Chlamydia could have damaging consequences if it is not found early on and then attended to. It has been learned that this disease can bring about irreversible difficulties for a woman's reproductive organs. A variety of the effects of this disease are lymphogranuloma venereum, conjunctivitis which can result in Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome, soreness of the cervix, blindness, pelvic inflammatory disease, and infant pneumonia.
There are several kinds of tests for Chlamydia and these are the: direct fluorescent antibody (DFA) test; nucleic acid hybridization test or DNA probe test; the nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT); enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA); and Chlamydia culture.
The DNA probe test hunts for the presence of Chlamydia trachomatis DNA. This is also conducted by the NAAT, which is considerably more delicate as opposed to the DNA probe test. The DFA test and the ELISA test are fast ways to find out whether one has Chlamydia antigens, which highlight the occurrence of an active Chlamydia infection. Ultimately, a Chlamydia culture can also be used but this will need five to seven days.
Before any type of intimate assessment or test it is important for people to feel calm. Despite the fact that much of this is determined by the medical provider’s tactic, a more relaxed ambiance could be set up if the patient mindful of the procedure. A body fluid sample is essential for a Chlamydia test. If urine shall be utilized as a sample, the man or woman having the test ought not to have urinated for the past two hours before urine is gathered.
For men, the sample is usually taken from the urethra or anus. For women, the sample is often collected from the cervix with the use of a small brush or swab. Sometimes, a sample from the throat or eye can be used.
It ought to be mentioned that only one type of laboratory test is needed to locate Chlamydia. And if a person suspects that he or she has been put through the sickness, sexual intercourse needs to be avoided until negative test results have been obtained. It is also advised to carry out other STD tests seeing that other STDs may be present together with Chlamydia.