Chlamydia can have terrible consequences if it is not recognized and then taken care of. It has been learned that this infection can lead to irreversible harm to a woman's reproductive organs. It is easily the most common type of sexually transmitted disease (STD) in America that is brought on by bacteria. This health problem is attributable to Chlamydia trachomatis and is typically asymptomatic or if there are any kinds of symptoms, these are generally mild.
Symptoms of Chlamydia
A few of the effects of this malady are:
- conjunctivitis which can bring about blindness
- lymphogranuloma venereum
- Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome
- inflammation of the cervix
- infant pneumonia
- PID or pelvic inflammatory disease
Methods of testing for Chlamydia
There are numerous types of tests for Chlamydia:
- nucleic acid hybridization test /DNA probe test
- NAAT or nucleic acid amplification test
- DFA test or direct fluorescent antibody test
- ELISA or enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
- Chlamydia culture
The DFA test and the ELISA test are speedy means to see whether someone has Chlamydia antigens, which point out the existence of an active Chlamydia infection. The DNA probe test hunts for the existence of Chlamydia trachomatis DNA. This is also performed by the others such as the NAAT, which is a lot more sensitive as compared to the DNA probe test Lastly, a Chlamydia culture is also made use of but this will need about one week.
How to carry out the test
Before any variety of intimate physical examination or test, it is necessary for men and women to feel at ease. Whilst much of this varies according to the medical care provider’s bed-side behavior, a more comfortable mood might be established if the patient is aware of the process. If a Chlamydia test requires a direct sample, the patient should not douche or make use of any kind of vaginal creams or medicines. If a urine sample is being analyzed, do not urinate any later than two hours before the test.
For guys, the sample is normally taken from the urethra or anus. For girls, the sample is frequently collected from the cervix making use of a small brush or swab. Occasionally, a sample from the throat or eye is required.
It needs to be noted that only one kind of laboratory test is needed to detect Chlamydia. And if someone suspects that he or she has been subjected to the health problem, sexual intercourse must be prevented until negative test results have been attained. It is also recommended to go through another sexually transmitted disease (STD) tests since other STDs may be existing together with Chlamydia.