Chlamydia is a very common disease which is primarily transmitted from one person to another via unprotected sex. It is generally caused by a bacteria which affects both men and women. Although it is not entirely without cure, not treating it on time and appropriately too can lead to very serious complications.
As common as this disease tends to be, there are still various misconceptions about it. For instance, whether chlamydia can be transmitted through kissing is still a subject of debate around the world – even among physicians.
Recent research in documented medical journals have a simple and straight answer to this unsettled misconception: “NO.” No, because it cannot be transferred from one person to another by kissing an infected person.
Once a person has been infected by chlamydia, various symptoms have a way of showing up.
Some of the most common are listed below.
- Uneasiness and pain in the lower abdomen.
- Pain in the testicles as the infected person feels the throbbing ache.
- Burning sensations and difficulty during urination.
- Strange discharge from the penis which could either be yellowish or greenish in color.
- Abnormal yellow discharge from the vagina.
- Painful sexual sensations during intercourse in women.
- Smelly and abnormal sore around the genitals.
- Bleeding of the vagina between certain periods.
- Rectal pain.
Chlamydia does not become evident immediately sexual intercourse happens between an infected person and an uninfected person. It rather takes a few weeks before the symptoms begin to manifest. In many cases, many people with Chlamydia show no symptoms, leaving them none the wiser, unsuspecting any possibility that they might even be living with the bacteria.
Causes and modes of contracting Chlamydia
One of the common causes of chlamydia is sexual intercourse without protection. Safe sexual behavior like using condoms with new or untrustworthy partners is key in this regard. Simple contact of the genitals between both parties can make an uninfected person contract it. It suffices to say that the disease can be acquired even without penetration. Anal sex is also not an exception to the mode of transmitting the bacteria.
Another way of contracting the infection is through oral or genital contact with the eyes. This may sound strange but is indeed very common, especially when fluids are exchanged during these processes.
Also, and very unfortunately too, a new born baby may acquire chlamydia from an infected mother during birth. This has necessitated some pre-natal tests of which chlamydia test happens to be one of.
Statistics have also shown that a person is at risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases like the dreaded chlamydia if they keep more than one partner.
Diagnosis of Chlamydia
Chlamydia can be diagnosed easily by some very simple testing procedures. Samples of urine from an infected person can be used to establish the presence of the bacteria infection. A swab of fluid may also be taken from a vagina for women or the tip of the penis for men. A person can undergo such tests even if there are no symptoms. This is important and should be undertaken within two weeks of having unprotected sex. This test processes usually reduce the risk of infection.
Though men and women are susceptible to the infection, it is often more diagnosed in women. So, having rapid home test kits that can easily diagnose this disease at home is vital.
Treatment of Chlamydia
Chlamydia with its scary nature can be treated easily. Bearing in mind that its nature is that of bacteria, it can be treated with antibiotics. Various kinds of antibiotics may be employed to treat the bacteria based on the recommendations of a qualified medical doctor. Strict adherence to the prescription would surely eradicate the bacterial infection in approximately two weeks. In addition to the above, it is advised that a person under such medication should not engage in unprotected sex immediately as the bacteria can be contracted again after the treatment.
Prevention of Chlamydia
Perhaps the simplest way for a person to prevent him/herself from getting chlamydia is to use protection during sexual intercourse unless he/she is perfectly sure that the other partner is free from the bacteria. Regular tests for the bacteria is also imperative as this would go a long way in the effort of protection.
Interestingly, people infected with chlamydia in the throat often do not notice the symptoms. This is because there are many causes of sore throat other than this STD. It is however advisable that once a person feels some anomalies in the throat, a test should follow suit. As described above, chlamydia can be transmitted not only through sexual penetration but through many other sexual activities. In effect, the throat, vagina, penis, rectum or cervix may be the site of infection.