Chlamydia is a type of STD. It is an STI (sexually transmitted illness) caused by a tiny bacterium named as Chlamydia trachomatis. It is a serious illness that can cause harm and damage to human body. Although, it is not fatal overlooking it can be problematic for the sufferers in future. It can lead to serious medical problems, if not handled with care. It is often dubbed as ‘silent infection’. It causes damage to the reproductive system of men and women.
What do you know about STD?
STD stands for the sexually transmitted disease. These are the infections passed from person to person during sexual contact. There are many types of STD including Gonorrhea, Chlamydia and HIV/AIDS.
Symptoms related to Chlamydia
Figuring out this disease is difficult as the disease goes unnoticed and diagnosed in most cases. Many patients either overlook the disease or remain silent, making the enemy inside grow larger and healthier. The disease spreads silently from one individual to another without even knowing that the process of transmission of infection is taking place as the symptoms don’t manifest in people immediately.
The symptoms of Chlamydia in women include pain and burning while urinating, abdominal pain, low fever and urinary urgency etc. Men face similar problems but they differ to some extent as well. They also suffer from rectal pain, infertility issues and problems like throat infections.
What happens if Chlamydia remains untreated?
If Chlamydia remains untreated, it can lead to several diseases and health problems.
It is one of the main causes of infertility around the world.
- In women, it causes:
PID (Pelvic inflammatory disease) is an infection that occurs in women’s reproductive organs. It can lead to severe problems like chronic pelvic pain, infertility and pregnancy issues too. It also causes the risk of HIV/AIDS from sexual activity. PID can cause destruction in fallopian tubes, leading to problems in conceiving. It can also lead to ectopic pregnancy, leading to the development of a fertilized egg in fallopian tubes rather than the uterus.
- In men:
It can damage the sperm, causing scar in the reproductive tract which can even lead to infertility. It can cause experiences like rheumatologic conditions, conjunctivitis, urethritis (inflammation of the urethra) and reactive arthritis.
How can we prevent ourselves from getting Chlamydia
The following methods can be used for the prevention of Chlamydia:
- Use condoms:
They are the best way of avoiding infections and STD’s like chlamydia.
- Get tested:
Be sure to go through an STI test before you make a sexual contact with your partner.
- Reduce alcohol and drug abuse:
This can lead to a better, safer and healthier life.
- Monogamous relationship:
Maintain a relationship with a certified uninfected individual and reduce the chance of infections.
- Reducing sex partners:
Limit your number of sex partners to decrease the risk of getting STI’s.
- Education and awareness:
Knowledge regarding the issue can lead to a reduction of this problem. So, it is important to educate individuals especially teenagers before they enter intimate relationships.