What is chlamydia? It is an infection transmitted sexually that is caused by bacteria (Chlamydia Trachomatis) that can infect the urinary track and reproductive organs. It is spread by unprotected sex of any kind.
For women symptoms include the following
- Leakage that smells and is discolored from the vagina
- Spotting or bleeding between monthly cycles
- Painful burning during urination
- Pain during or after intercourse
- Pain in the lower stomach just above the pelvic and below the belly button
In women it infects the cervix, spreads to the uterus and fallopian tubes where it can cause severe problems such as infertility and painful inflammatory pelvic disease.
In men symptoms include
- Painful burning while urinating
- Swelling and or pain of testicles
- Leakage that smells and is discolored from the penis
Diagnosis And Treatment
The diagnosis is very simple, a swab of the leakage or a urine test which is then sent to the laboratory. Treatment is generally an antibiotic that is either a single dose or a seven day treatment. If you are treated for chlamydia you should notify your sexual partner(s) so they can get tested and treated also, this will also keep them from returning the infection to you at a later time.
How Is It Spread
Chlamydia is spread through unsafe sex of any form. You cannot tell if someone has the infection without a test. They look perfectly healthy unless they have a leakage at the time of sex that has an odor but you may not even notice it at the time. If you do notice it you can’t be sure what it is. It is always best to practice safe sex this will give you a better chance of not being infected with any kind of sexual infections or diseases.
Get Tested Or Screening
Screening is recommended once a year especially if you are sexually active or are under 25 years old. Teens that are sexually active should get screened yearly as well. Screening also allows you to take care of yourself to allow child bearing in later years, even if you think you don’t want children now, you could in the future.
The best prevention is abstaining from any forms of sex if you can’t practicing safe sex and using a condom can help keep you clean of infections and disease. There are even latex free condoms for those allergic to latex.
Where To Get Help
There are several places you can get help, the following places are all good places to seek the help you need;
- Your doctor
- School Nurse
- Family planning
- A walk in clinic that covers all general things, which can handle a case of chlamydia, a broken arm, or a cut that needs stitches, these can be called urgent care.
- If left untreated women can suffer from pelvic inflammatory disease and or infertility
- You should inform any partners you’ve had sex with in the past 2 to 3 weeks, if you have been diagnosed with chlamydia.
- It is spread from unprotected sexual encounters so it’s best to always practice safe sex