Chlamydia infection is a disease that affects around four million people every year. In the United States, most Chlamydia cases reported are people who are between the ages of 15 and 19.
Caused by the Chlamydia trachomatis bacterium, Chlamydia is one of the most prevalent sexually-transmitted diseases in the world today. It affects both men and women and can cause sterility or infertility.
How is Chlamydia transmitted?
Sexual intercourse is the number one method of transmission for Chlamydia. A person who engages in unprotected vaginal, anal, or oral sex is going to get infected with the bacteria as soon as the act is started.
Chlamydia can also be transmitted from a pregnant woman to her unborn child. However, this can be prevented if the mother receives treatment while she is in her early stages of pregnancy.
What are the symptoms of Chlamydia?
Women who have been infected with Chlamydia are going to experience several symptoms. They are going to feel lower abdominal pains, painful urination, painful sexual intercourse, irritation in the vagina, and strange discharge coming from the vagina. They are also going to experience bleeding in between their menstrual periods.
Men who have been infected with Chlamydia are also going to experience painful urination and strange-colored discharge from their genitals. They will suffer from itching or swelling of the testicles or the tips of their penises.
What should you do once the symptoms of Chlamydia show?
The best thing to do once you experience the symptoms of Chlamydia is to get tested for Chlamydia. Some STDs manifest similar symptoms so getting a Chlamydia test will determine if what you have is indeed Chlamydia or some other STD.
There are STD centers and health clinics that conduct Chlamydia tests in your area. Look for them and set up an appointment to undergo Chlamydia testing. You can also try using those home Chlamydia test kits that you can purchase over the counter or online.
What should you do if you test positive for Chlamydia?
You have to undergo Chlamydia treatment once you test positive for Chlamydia. The best treatment for Chlamydia is antibiotics. Doctors prescribe antibiotics to Chlamydia patients to fight off the bacteria that brought about this disease.
Some of the most common antibiotics prescribed by doctors for Chlamydia treatment are doxycycline, azithromycin, amoxicillin, and penicillin. There are other antibiotics available for Chlamydia patients who are allergic to the earlier mentioned medications.