Chlamydia, just like other sexually-transmitted diseases, is contracted by having unprotected sex with someone who is infected with it. People who like to engage in sexual intercourse – whether anal, vaginal, or oral - with several, random partners are prone to getting this infection. 


If a man or a woman gets infected with Chlamydia, he or she will manifest different symptoms of the infection. Sometimes, it will take about three weeks before the first symptoms show. 


In men, the first symptoms of Chlamydia include fever, sore throat, and painful urination. If they had anal sex, a burning sensation in the recum will be felt. Bleeding and strange discharge will also occur in that body part.  


In women, an unpleasant odor and strange discharge, like a mucusy/milky fluid, coming from the vagina will usually occur. This is more likely to happen in girls that have not reached the puberty stage yet. Furthermore, pain while urinating is also a sign, along with pains in the lower abdominal area, nausea, throat infection, and sore throat. She will also feel pain every time she has vaginal sexual intercourse.


Once these symptoms are seen and noticed, patients are encouraged to consult a doctor and get tested immediately. This way, the right treatment for Chlamydia can be given to them before it causes more damage to their bodies. If untreated, Chlamydia will end up attacking more parts of the body, and will make the patient’s condition worse. 


In women, Chlamydia that is not treated right away will lead to many more serious complications such as salpingitis, cervicitis, and pelvic inflammatory disease or PID. A female who has PID is at risk of having ectopic pregnancy and miscarriage, and becoming infertile.


In men, Chlamydia that is left untreated can cause complications such as conjunctivitis, skin problems, and eye inflammation.
Medical professionals will usually prescribe antibiotics to treat Chlamydia. Doxycycline and azithromycin are two of the most common ones. They can get rid of the Chlamydia pathogen that caused the infection. After two weeks of medication, a patient will show signs of recovery, and he or she is advised to not engage in any kind of sexual activity until every single symptom has disappeared.