Someone who is at the age range of 13 years or below is considered to be a child. Being a child entails many unique health challenges, risks, and other ways that are different from adults. One of these challenges is HIV and AIDS. Statistics show in this modern day and age that there are 2 million children with HIV. This study was done in 2007 and this number could have changed significantly. Treatment of children varies greatly from treatment of adults and this can pose many significant challenges. 

The most common methods of transferring HIV to children

The most common way that children acquired HIV was through transference of HIV through mother to unborn child. This is the most common way the virus was transferred. The next most common method was through transfusion of infected blood. Such ways of transference can be avoided.

Preventative Measures

There are methods and treatments in place that can prevent such unfortunate transfers of the HIV virus in such ways. Transfusion of infected blood can be avoided through screening and examination of the blood. ART can also prevent the spread of HIV from unborn child from the mother. Only when treatment is not available or the methods not properly done is transfer an occurrence.

The different immune systems of children

As a rule children have different immune systems than that of adults. Children’s immune systems are still developing and as a rule differ in reactions to the HIV virus. They also have differing metabolism than adults do. Their metabolisms are often much higher than adults but slow gradually over time as they reach adulthood. They also contain a lot more fat stores than adults as a general rule. Research seems to indicate promising results. Children seem to recover their immune system better than adults and seem to respond better to treatment. It has been theorized that this could be due to their still maturing immune system however nothing conclusive has been proven. There still needs to be more studies conducted on the matter to have a definite and ending finality. This makes the study of HIV more challenging and taxing.

Despite children being more receptive to treatment, prescribing the proper doses of ARV to them can be challenging. Often the proper doses are not really known. Tablets can be difficult to cut and the exact and proper measurement of treatment can be challenging. This is also to compound the fact that regular dosage can be difficult to give to children as their taste palettes may not agree with the medication. Often the best results may require direct ingestion. This may involve feeding through a tube directly into the stomach of the child. For the best results it is also best that a pediatrician with previous experience in dealing with HIV in infants register treatment of medication. It is all not bleak. There are a lot of positive bright spots on the horizon and treatment is generally positive. This is true.