Chlamydia is a bacterial infection, which means it can be treated with antibiotics. Being a bacteria, it like places that are moist, dark and protected. The genitals and mouth fit these conditions well.
You get this by having unprotected sex, including anal, vaginal, and oral sex. This includes having no barrier (no condom, no films) or having ones that break. It is spread through the fluids in the body, so males do not have to ejaculate (cum) or even penetrate before chlamydia is spread.
There is no immune response to this, so knowing that you have had chlamydia before does not offer you protection.
What are the symptoms?
A recent study shows that 75% of the females, and 50% of the males never show any symptoms. With this in mind, you need to be very aware of the small signs that may indicate that you may be infected. For both sexes, these are:
- painful urination
- unusual leakages; clear or cloudy, smelly or not
- burning and itching around the genitals
Females may also have bleeding between periods, stomach pains and fever, periods that are more painful than usual, and pain during sex. Males may feel a burning or itching around the tip of the penis.
Diagnosis and treatments
The doctor has some options on testing. They may take a swab, from the opening on the male's penis or the cervix of a female, and send it to the lab for testing. They may elect to use a urine sample that can be tested for the bacteria, as well.
The treatment is normally antibiotics by mouth for both men and women. This bacteria is getting resistant to treatment, so make sure that you finish your full prescription.
Doctors will want to treat all the partners to minimize the spread of this bacteria, so you need to let anyone you have had sex with-even without penetration- for the past three months know if a chlamydia test comes back positive.
Women with severe chlamydia may have to be in the hospital, getting the medication by IV, as well as pain medication.
Do not have sex until one week after you have finished your prescription. This gives your body time to finish fighting off the infection.
You should be re-tested within three months to make sure that the disease is gone.
What if I don't get treated?
The long-term effects of this bacteria are life-changing. Women may have the bacteria migrate up into the uterus and Fallopian tubes, leading to an inflammation of the pelvis (PID). In addition to the risk of becoming sterile, there is also a risk of a pregnancy happening outside of the uterus, which can be fatal.
Men can have the bacteria infect all the way to the bladder, as well as into the testicles. This will result in great pain, bladder infections, and the risk of becoming sterile, as well.
Mothers who have chlamydia when giving birth risk passing it on to their child, in the form of pneumonia, or an eye infection in your newborn. Having chlamydia may also make it more likely to deliver your baby too early.