Cause of HIV

HIV is caused by a virus known as the Human Immunodeficiency Virus. It can infect males, females, babies, toddlers, teenagers, adults, and old people.


Transmission of HIV

HIV is primarily contracted and spread through contact with vaginal fluid, semen, or blood that carries the virus. 

  • It can be passed on from an infected pregnant woman to her baby during child delivery or when breastfeeding.
  • It can be transmitted from one person to another through unprotected sexual intercourse with someone who has HIV.
  • It can be contracted if you use an infected syringe or needle already used by someone who is HIV-positive.

Protect against HIV

There are a number of ways you can protect yourself against HIV. Here are some tips that you might want to do:

  • Use condoms all the time.
  • Do not share syringes or needles with other people.
  • Be in a mutually monogamous relationship.
  • Undergo HIV testing (as well as other STD testing) on a regular basis.