Chlamydia is an STD that deserves everyone’s notice. This is because having chlamydia is no laughing matter. It can lead to a host of undesirable complications that are usually unforeseen. The worst part of it all is that chlamydia so often goes unnoticed to many. It has earned a reputation for being a very subtle and discreet disease. This is because many times it manifests no symptoms. Occasionally it does but more often it does not. This makes chlamydia very serious and worth knowing a lot more about than you would think.
What is Chlamydia?
Chlamydia is a disease that is contracted during unprotected sex from a partner who is infected. Because as mentioned above that the disease can go unnoticed in a person, often it is transmitted unwittingly and unknowingly. This makes it a very serious and grave STD.
What are common symptoms of chlamydia?
Although it usually goes unnoticed, it can have symptoms. Symptoms are usually quite similar to males and females. Both will usually report painful burning feelings that accompany urination and sexual intercourse. Both will also complain of unusual discharges from their vagina or penis. Unfortunately, these symptoms are usually manifestations of the complications of chlamydia left untreated.
What are the complications that can arise from chlamydia?
Women can develop the pelvic inflammatory disease. This is the condition when the uterus or the fallopian tubes are infected. When infection occurs, this can lead to an ectopic pregnancy. This has the fertilized egg growing and maturing in the fallopian tubes. This is not normal as it should normally grow in the uterus. If unchecked, this can lead to a premature birth and death. It is treated by immediate emergency surgery.
Men can develop prostatitis or epididymitis. Symptoms of these conditions include the ones above along with unusual pain in the prostate area or the pain in the rectal area. Both male and female can also develop infertility as a result of untreated chlamydia.
Chlamydia testing and treatment.
Testing and treatments for chlamydia are simple and straightforward. Often a sample is needed to verify if chlamydia is present in the patient or not. The sample can be obtained through a urine test or by a cotton swab in the mouth or infected area. After the sample is obtained and verified that chlamydia is present treatment can begin. Treatment is often antibiotics. This is rather simple and should encourage many people who are high risk to get tested. A simple test can go a long way.
Who are the most at risk of contracting chlamydia?
Anyone who is sexually active with multiple partners and who do not use protection is at risk. Those who are sexually active and below 25 are also at high risk. This makes using condoms essential. Condoms, rubber dams, and other contraceptives help minimize the risk of getting chlamydia and other undesirable STDs. Also just having one active sexual partner greatly reduces the risk of getting any STD. Abstinence is the best prevention, if possible.