Chlamydia is an STI and affects both men and women of all ages. It is more common in younger women. Take note that an infected mother can also pass the disease on to her child as well. It is easy to treat once you know that you actually have it, the problem is there are very few signs or symptoms to alert you that there is something wrong.
Common Symptoms Of Chlamydia.
Symptoms of chlamydia are actually similar in both men and women. Both may report burning sensations every time they urinate and unusual discharge from their vagina or penis. Pain during sex and pain in the lower abdominal area are also common. Some men may have swollen testicles but this symptom is not as common as the others.
Chlamydia is acquired through unprotected sex with someone who has chlamydia. The problem is that a person may look healthy and yet still have chlamydia. The only way to truly know is through testing.
Testing for chlamydia is simple, painless, and harmless. Often a urine test and the collected sample are all that is needed. Another way is to use a cotton swab and dab on the vagina or penis to collect a sample for examination in a lab. Because testing is quick and painless, it is highly recommended to be tested if you are in the high-risk group. An annual checkup is best.
The People Who Are At Higher Risk Of Acquiring Chlamydia
Young women under the age of 25 who are sexually active are at a greater risk. Gays and bisexuals also have a higher risk of infection. People with more than one sexual partner are also at an increased risk.
The Treatment Of Chlamydia
Chlamydia is easily treatable. Its treatment is as simple as it’s testing. Often a good dose of antibiotics will suffice in treatment. Note that while you are in treatment you should not have sex with anyone. Once you have completed treatment you should be retested to make sure that you are clear of the STD before you engage in sex again. If complications have arisen like a pelvic inflammatory disease, more antibiotics or a stronger dose will most likely be recommended. The simple treatments and testing make it really a good idea to get tested and to seek treatment if testing results in positive infection of chlamydia.
Condoms are always a great way to reduce the risk of transmission of chlamydia or any STD. However, it is not a 100% deterrent to getting chlamydia. Having a monogamous relationship with someone who has not infected also greatly reduces the chances of getting chlamydia. This is another reliable deterrent as long as both of you remain faithful and exclusive to one another. Still, it is not a guarantee of never getting infected. The best and only foolproof way to prevent chlamydia and any STD is abstinence (not having sex).
One other thing to note is that there is no shame in contracting chlamydia.