Chlamydia is an infection caused by a bacteria that can infect your genital region, in women that would mostly affect the part around the cervix, and in men, the urethral part of the body. Mostly, you can’t detect the symptoms right away, so it can sometimes take a few weeks before you realize that you got infected with chlamydia, which is usually very common among men and women aged 25 and under. Chlamydia can infect penis, vagina, cervix, anus, mouth, or throat, and it is more than fifty times more common than syphilis, for example, and more common than gonorrhea.
Symptoms And Complications
As we already said earlier, chlamydia usually does not have symptoms, and most people, men and women especially, don’t realize that they have it until it is too late, and then they need more rigorous treatment. More than 80% of women infected with chlamydia do not have any chlamydia related symptoms, and around 90% of men do not know it either. If you do get infected with chlamydia, some of the symptoms can appear after two and more weeks after the infection has started spreading. Women can therefore experience abdominal pain, bleeding between menstruation periods, low fever, vaginal discharge, swellings inside the vagina, painful sexual intercourse which is not easy to deal with. Men experience watery discharge from the penis, swollen testicles and swelling around the anus, a burning sensation while urinating, but in both men and women, the infection can cause the anus to itch a lot, and diarrhea appears as well. Symptoms of chlamydia usually appear in morning time, especially when we are talking about men, and that is why it is so hard to realize whether you have been infected with chlamydia or not. Because of this reason, that it may not be detected until it is too late, chlamydia can be left untreated for a long time, which can cause a lot of complications in return, like epididymitis, which can lead to sterility or even a reactive arthritis. Testing is the best way to check whether you have chlamydia or not.
There is an effective treatment for chlamydia, and it usually consists of a cocktail of antibiotics, which can be taken in one dose, or rarely more than one, for example, the treatment can last up to seven days as well, but the doctor will tell you which option is best for you. If infected, both you and your sexual partner have to hold back from sex until the treatment is over, otherwise the antibiotics will not have any effect. Remember to take all the prescribed antibiotics, make sure that you are both treated before having sex, do not share the antibiotics with anyone, as every person’s body is different, and get tested after three months after your treatment is over.
Spreading And Prevention
Chlamydia can be spread by anal and vaginal sexual intercourse, during oral sex, and also from a pregnant woman to her baby. You can prevent getting infected and spreading it by using condoms, or abstain from sex.