Sexually transmitted infection is very common among people who practice sexual behaviors with different partners. For women, organisms that cause such infections are transferred through vaginal, anal and oral contacts. Even casual contacts like kissing and oral sex can lead to sexually transmitted infections as well as using sex toys and vibrators. For these reasons, the most common sexually transmitted infections among women are as follows:
Gonorrhea - Neisseria gonorrheae is the cause of gonorrhea infection. This bacterium spread through direct contact sexually. This is also one of the first diagnosed sexually transmitted infections and first known Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Women with gonorrhea are also infected with chlamydia. Neisseria gonorrheae is a bacterium that survives a specific condition and doesn’t live long enough outside the body. It grows in moist parts of the body hence it is often found in the cervix, urerus and urethra. These parts of the body are found in a woman’s body. Among the common symptoms of gonorrhea infection are having vaginal discharge, changes in urination patterns and feeling itchiness in the vaginal area. Untreated gonorrhea can lead to development of pelvic inflammatory disease or infection of the pelvis.
Syphilis – another known sexually transmitted infection is syphilis. This is also one of the oldest known sexually transmitted infections and one of the first sexually transmitted infections known to man. The bacteria that causes syphilis is pelvic inflammatory disease. This bacteria looks like a worm under a microscope but is deadlier than a worm. Syphilis infection has three stages and it is important to get tested as early as the first stage to prevent it from reaching the third stage. On the first two stages, there can be no significant symptoms but once it hits the third stage, it means it is too late now for treatment and that the infection is now developing into something worst. Untreated syphilis can lead to hear problems, having large gummas, meningitis, stroke, neurosyphilis and eyes problem.
Chlamydia – according to studies, women with chlamydia often have gonorrhea and vice versa hence if you tested positive with gonorrhea, it is best to be tested for chlamydia as well. Chlamydia is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections in women, infecting more than 4 million women annually around the world. The Chlamydia trachomatis is the bacterium that causes chlamydia infection and like gonorrhea, this bacterium only lives in the moist part of the body – the urethra, in the rectum and in the throat. Women with this infection doesn’t often get any symptom hence they continue having sexual activities with their partners, infecting them unknowingly. When left untreated, chlamydia can lead to a more serious health condition such as destruction of the fallopian tube and infection of the pelvic area. Although there is no symptom yet that can determine if a woman is indeed infected with chlamydia, it is best to be tested regularly if you know that you are at risk of getting sexually transmitted infections.