Various health organizations like the World Health Organization (WHO) have done a lot of awareness by releasing STD-related statistics daily to help inform people about the possible dangers associated with sex, especially unprotected sex among unmarried people, giving the rise of more infections like herpes among young urban dwellers.
Genital Herpes is one of the most common diseases that are sexually transmitted from an infected to an uninfected person during unprotected sexual intercourse. It brings about sores which could be painful when they break and release fluids.
Statistically, about 16 percent of persons between the age of 14 and 49 are infected with this disease in America. The situation is more or less the same in almost every other part of the world too.
What causes Genital Herpes?
Two major types of the virus cause Genital Herpes. These are known as HSV-1 and HSV-2. The first is known to occasion cold sores on the body while the second is known to cause herpes. Genital Herpes gets into the body of the infected person via the mucous membrane which are the thin layers of tissue, lining the body opening.
These tissues can be found in the mouth, genitals or nose, as the case may be and just like many other infections, they grow and incorporate themselves into the cells of the infected person. The parts of the body which houses this infection, therefore, include the semen, saliva, and secretions from the vagina of an infected woman.
Quick info about Genital Herpes
- Genital Herpes is a severe medical condition. It could be very embarrassing when the sores on the body are discovered by friends or family; it also carries with it a great deal of risk, exposing others around to the infection. This is because a simple touch from an uninfected person can transmit the disease. It gets worse for pregnant women, the child is put at the risk of death if infected and not treated on time.
- Genital Herpes is spread by simple physical contacts. According to ‘emedicinehealth,’ Genital Herpes can be spread by people even when they do not know about the infection in their body. Since simple contacts can spread the disease, sexual intercourse of any form can be a medium of transmission alongside skin-to-skin contacts.
- The symptoms and signs of Genital Herpes could vary from person to person.
- A person with Oral Herpes can transmit it to the genitals which would occasion Genital Herpes in the newly infected person.
- Genital Herpes is a lifetime disease. This is the reason for the great deal of fear in many because once a person is diagnosed with it, he or she may never get rid of it for life. In the circumstance where the symptoms are said to be gone or dormant, an outbreak might just pop up anytime due to stress that pushes the virus through the skin nerves.
- It is greatly possible to prevent Genital Herpes and never have it in a lifetime.
The possible symptoms Genital Herpes show
One may not notice any symptoms during the initial period of contact or exposure to the disease but in some males, blisters may appear around the penis after two days of exposure or as much as 30 days in others. This blister could also appear on the scrotum or anus. For women, it occurs in the vagina, buttocks or anus, especially those who are newly exposed to the disease. Other possible symptoms are:
- The appearance of blisters in the mouth, on the lips, face, as well as parts that were exposed and got in contact with the disease
- The appearance of a crust over the sores in about a week after the first outbreak
- Body aches
- A headache
- Fever, and many more
For babies that are born to women who are infected with the disease, they stand at the risk of experiencing:
- Brain damage
- Blindness, just as in many kinds of other STDs
- Death, which occurs in the extreme of cases
This symptoms and resultant implications make it important to always inform the doctor once a person is pregnant and showing any of the above symptoms. Precautionary measures can, therefore, be taken in order to avoid further complications and death, as the case may be.
How to manage Genital Herpes infection
Genital Herpes can be effectively managed through the adoption of some lifestyle changes but not cured by the use of drugs. The use of drugs would help relieve pain and heal the sores and doctors may also advise the use of warm water while bathing alongside drying with a clean towel. In addition to that, wearing loose cotton clothes would also go a long way in bringing comfort to the patient and speeding up the healing process.
Genital Herpes is feared but can be avoided in a lifetime with the adoption of sexual preventive measures since sex (oral, vaginal, anal, etc.) tend to be the medium through which it is often contracted.