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What Causes Gonorrhea?

Gonorrhea is a subject which has been, and is still, discussed throughout the world today even though a lot of people barely give notice to the cause of the infection which goes to the root of the disease. It is no longer news that various parts of the body which include the urethra, rectum, throat, and the cervix can be affected when a person is infected with the disease.

Sexual intercourse has also been the most common means through which many have been infected over time giving rise to the question which people still ask daily: what causes gonorrhea?

Neisseria Gonorrhoeae as the source and cause of Gonorrhea

This causative agent dates back to a very long line of history which comes from Ancient Greece and is regarded as one of the oldest diseases ever known. This could also be said to come from Greece because the word ‘gonorrhea’ emanated from a Greek term which is interpreted as ‘flow of seed’ given the leakage of semen from the infected man’s penis.

Neisseria Gonorrhoeae majorly affects the mucous membrane of the patient’s sex organ, either in men or women. Be that as it may, gonorrhea may spread to the rectum, throat or eyes, as the case may be. When gonorrhea is neglected, the bacteria would spread to the infected person’s bloodstream, thereby affecting internal organs and symptoms.

Factors that cause Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea may be caused by various factors which open the door to being infected. They include:

  • Having unprotected sex. Sexual intercourse without the use of condoms could be the cause of gonorrhea when a person who is uninfected has sexual intercourse with an infected person. Sexual intercourse in this context is not limited to vaginal sex alone as people can also be infected via oral and anal sex.
  • Keeping multiple sex partners. Having sex with more than one person can cause gonorrhea especially when those other partners have various sexual partners too. This gives rise to one of the reasons for consistent advice by doctors for folks to engage in regular tests alongside their partners.
  • Having a new sexual partner. This is a very crucial point in a person’s sexual life considering the fact that the new partner may be infected beforehand. This has cost so many people their good health and put them at the risk of the disease. People who are sexually active are, therefore, often advised to get tested whenever they have a new partner.
  • History of other sexually transmitted diseases. Suffering from other forms of STDs may also cause gonorrhea especially when they are untreated. Previous experience of having gonorrhea may also cause one to be frequently infected especially when they were not properly treated in the first plate.
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What Gonorrhea can cause when it is left untreated

Gonorrhea is a disease that makes a person totally uncomfortable and thus necessitates a quick treatment when the symptoms are noticed. Several implications may, however, come to play if gonorrhea is ignored. Some of these are listed below.

  • Neonatal conjunctivitis. A newborn stands a great deal of risk if the mother was infected with gonorrhea at the point of delivery. This may result in gonococcal conjunctivitis (pink eye), and as the child grows, the bacteria may be transferred to the eyes which would bring about a discharge of pus, inflammation, and/or redness, as the case may be.
  • Infertility. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) may be developed as a result of untreated gonorrhea which has affected the fallopian tube and uterus.
  • Invasive gonorrheal infection. Ignorance of gonorrhea may also cause this condition that makes the bacteria enter the bloodstream and in turn develop into Disseminated Gonococcal Infection (DGI). Consequently, the patient may experience symptoms like fever, joint pain, and general body illnesses.
  • Increased risk of HIV/AIDS. Failure to treat gonorrhea also puts a person at the risk of having HIV that later develops into AIDS. Partners of people with both HIV and gonorrhea also have a very high tendency to pass it to their partners.

How to prevent gonorrhea and never experience what it causes to the body

An average person can live their life and never get infected with gonorrhea if certain positive lifestyles could only be adopted. These modes of living include, but are not limited to:

  • Regular gonorrhea screening. Submitting one’s self for screening on a regular basis is recommended and rational, especially when the person is sexually active. This regular screening is also recommended for men who have their sexual partners as men.
  • Use of condoms during sexual intercourse. This is advisable for people who cannot stay away from sex in order to also shield them from contracting the disease – whether it is oral, anal, or vaginal sex.
  • Go for a test with your partner. This is simply to put one on a safe pedestal and avoid being re-infected after treatment. Once both partners are treated, they can resume sexual activities when the prescription has been complied with.
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Managing gonorrhea and what it causes is so easy as long as the above preventive measures are strictly adhered to. It is important to add that one can live an entire gonorrhea-free life which is also possible for those who have once been infected if the doctor’s advice is taken and complied with.