How STDs are commonly transmitted
Sexually-transmitted diseases, or STDs, are infections that are caused by viruses, parasites, bacteria, and other types of microorganisms. They are spread through different means:
- unprotected anal, vaginal, and oral sex
- sharing of contaminated drug paraphernalia
- exposure to an open wound or cut of an infected person
- infected pregnant women to her infant during pregnancy, delivery, or while breastfeeding
- having multiple sex partners
Signs and symptoms of STDs
STDs can trigger different signs and symptoms of a person who gets infected. Here are the most common ones:
- Sores - these may appear on the mouth, anus, penis, or vagina.
- Rash - this may pop up on the palms or soles or around the genital region.
- Pain when urinating - STDs can affect the urethra so a person who is suffering from one may experience pain when passing urine
- Pain when having sex - this happens to females who contract STDs
- Odd genital discharge - if you notice any yellowish, greenish, brownish, reddish, or other unusually-colored discharge coming out of your penis, vagina, or anus, you might want to get tested for an STD as soon as possible.