How STDs are commonly transmitted

Sexually-transmitted diseases, or STDs, are infections that are caused by viruses, parasites, bacteria, and other types of microorganisms. They are spread through different means:

  •  unprotected anal, vaginal, and oral sex
  •  sharing of contaminated drug paraphernalia
  •  exposure to an open wound or cut of an infected person
  •  infected pregnant women to her infant during pregnancy, delivery, or while breastfeeding
  •  having multiple sex partners

Signs and symptoms of STDs

STDs can trigger different signs and symptoms of a person who gets infected. Here are the most common ones:

  • Sores - these may appear on the mouth, anus, penis, or vagina.
  • Rash - this may pop up on the palms or soles or around the genital region.
  • Pain when urinating - STDs can affect the urethra so a person who is suffering from one may experience pain when passing urine
  • Pain when having sex - this happens to females who contract STDs
  • Odd genital discharge - if you notice any yellowish, greenish, brownish, reddish, or other unusually-colored discharge coming out of your penis, vagina, or anus, you might want to get tested for an STD as soon as possible.