It takes several months or even years for AIDS to weaken the immune system in an infected person when no treatment is applied. There must have been a progression from the stage of HIV before one can be said to have AIDS, which can span many years.

The Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome as a last stage of the HIV infection proves that the immune system has been damaged severely, leaving it to be so susceptible to other opportunistic infections which the body would have originally fought off if not for the infection. Symptoms such as the flu, fungal infections, or cold, are some of the common symptoms which a person living with AIDS would experience.

AIDS can be transmitted to persons in several ways ranging from blood contacts to vaginal fluids or semen, as the case may be. It is important to, therefore, distinguish between men and women when understanding the symptoms of AIDS.

Symptoms of AIDS in Men

The report was made in 2014 by the CDC that there were 44.073 new cases of AIDS in the United States alone. Surprisingly, 35,571 of the number were men or adolescent males making more than 80% of the infected persons to be found in the male gender. These AIDS symptoms vary from case to case but some are predominant as it occurs in almost all men.

They include:

  • Nausea
  • Fatigue
  • Recurring fever
  • Persistent diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Rapid weight loss
  • Sores or ulcers in the mouth
  • Recurring chills
  • Sores or ulcer on the genitals
  • Recurring night sweats
  • Coughing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Memory loss
  • Confusion
  • Neurological disorder
  • Persistent or prolonged swelling of the lymph nodes
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Before one gets to this stage where the above symptoms are experienced, he would have noticed some acute symptoms of HIV like::

  • Fever
  • Body rash
  • A sore throat
  • A severe headache
  • Nausea
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Vomiting
  • Muscles aches
  • Joint pain and similar symptoms as the case may be

Symptoms of AIDS in Women

Women made about 19 percent of those infected with AIDS according to the CDC diagnosis in 2014. It was also discovered that these infected women contract the disease predominantly from male partners during unprotected sexual intercourse with infected men. Be that as it may, these diagnoses are declining in women compared to that of men.

The estimated quarter of 20,792 persons living with AIDS in 2014 were also made of women which represents one-fifth of the estimated 1,210,835 AIDS diagnoses in the United States of America since the epidemic started.

The symptoms of AIDS in women vary although there are some which are so common among most ladies living with the disease.

They include:

  • Vaginal infection like bacterial vaginosis and yeast infections
  • Sores or ulcer in the mouth
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Recurring fever
  • Coughing
  • Persistent diarrhea
  • Rapid weight loss
  • Nausea
  • Fatigue
  • Sores or ulcer in the mouth
  • Shortness of breath
  • Recurring chills
  • Loss of memory
  • Neurological disorders
  • Confusion, and others which fall in the same class

Before a woman experiences the above symptoms, there must have been some series of prior symptoms of HIV which includes:

  • Vaginal infections
  • Muscle aches
  • Pain in the joint
  • A headache
  • Body rash
  • Nausea, and so on
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The symptoms of AIDS are not limited to the above because one of the recurring features of AIDS is to give room for some other opportunistic AIDS-related diseases. These diseases are as a result of the weakened immune system which has let down its guard. Following up on that, the CDC developed a list which includes but are not limited to:

  • Recurrent pneumonia
  • Wasting syndrome which is also referred to as an extreme weight loss
  • Lymphomas (cancer of the immune system)
  • HIV Encephalopathy
  • Aggressive Cervical cancer
  • Candidiasis of esophagus, trachea or lungs
  • Coccidiomycosis, which is a fungal disease that causes flu-like illness
  • Cryptosporidiosis, which is a parasite that causes diarrhea
  • Cytomegalovirus
  • HIV Encephalopathy
  • Chronic herpes simplex ulcers
  • Histoplasmosis, which affects the lungs and subsequently, other organs
  • Kaposi's sarcoma
  • Mycobacterium avim complex
  • Tuberculosis
  • Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
  • Recurrent Salmonella Septicemia
  • Toxoplasmosis of the brain which affects the body like flu and possibly spreads throughout the whole body

The development of these diseases is a sign that the immune system has been damaged severely and they are the cause of most deaths for people infected with AIDS.

It is recommended by the CDC to get tested even without experiencing the symptoms as AIDS.

Also, it is good news for those living with the disease to know that the condition can still be managed effectively to live a very healthy life, but that is if the doctor’s advice and recommendations are strictly adhered to.