HIV, or the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, is a type of sexually-transmitted disease that is caused by a virus that attacks and weakens the immune system.
Here are the ways in which you can contract this STD:
having unprotected sexual intercourse (anal, oral, or vaginal) with an HIV-infected person
Remember to always use condoms for every single sex act that you do to minimize the risk of contracting this infection.
contact with or exposure to the blood of an HIV-infected individual
For people in the medical field, they sometimes would have to handle bloodwork or another medical specimen, so they are advised to wear gloves and other protective gear for their safety.
from an infected mother to her baby
HIV can be transmitted during pregnancy or through breastfeeding.
use of HIV-infected blood needles, syringes, and other paraphernalia
People who get piercings or tattoos are advised to go to establishments that are known for their sanitary and hygienic practices.
injecting drugs into the body
Drug addicts tend to share used paraphernalia with each other, so the chances of spreading HIV and other infections are high among this group.
So, do not, in any way, put yourself in any of these situations to ensure that you remain HIV-free for the rest of your life.