Venereal disease is a term which is rarely used but is mostly described and called sexually transmitted disease (STD) or sexually transmitted infection (STI). Venereal diseases are occasioned by parasites, viruses, or bacteria, as the circumstance may be. It has been reported by the CDC that about 19 million new cases of the venereal disease occur yearly and these infections may result in severe medical conditions which include:
- Ectopic pregnancy
- Cervical cancer
- Arthritic disease
- Pelvic inflammation,
- and many more.
These venereal diseases have been proven to have the tendency of being transferred to other humans, subject to its own peculiar mode of transmission. It is, therefore, important to analyze some of these diseases to enhance the understanding of their peculiar nature.
It is a venereal disease that has existed for centuries now and is occasioned by a bacterial organism which is referred to as spirochete. Spirochete, with a scientific name known as Treponema Pallidum, is a worm-like organism that vigorously wiggles when viewed with a microscope. An uninfected person may become infected with syphilis when some close contacts are made, thereby, occasioning a painless and classic ulcer called a chancre. Syphilis is not experienced without symptoms which vary from one person to the other but generally, an infected person may experience:
- Enlarged lymph nodes
- Aching and soreness
- Some deal of discomfort
- Lack of coordination
- A headache
- Behavioral changes,
- and many more.
One is said to have gonorrhea when a bacterial infection that is occasioned by Neisseria Gonorrheae has been transmitted into the body by sexual contact. Gonorrhea also has a long list of history as one of the oldest known venereal diseases.
It is important to emphasize at this point that the popular belief of contracting gonorrhea via door handles and toilet seats are not true because the gonorrhea bacteria requires a peculiar condition for its reproduction and growth as it cannot survive outside the body for more than a few minutes. People who are infected with gonorrhea would possibly feel the following symptoms.
- Burning sensation during urination
- Yellowish vaginal discharge in women
- Vaginal itching
- Awkwardly frequent urination
- Swelling of the genitals.
- and so on.
In the United States, Chlamydia is the most common type of venereal disease. It has been responsible for a host of disease conditions which include a pelvic inflammatory disease in women and epididymitis in men. Surprisingly, the majority of infected people experience no symptoms while very few would notice some vaginal discharge or pain in the abdomen. Chlamydia, if not properly managed, may result in the destruction of the fallopian tubes and bring about other pelvic inflammatory diseases too.
This form of the venereal disease is popularly referred to as ‘herpes’ and is occasioned by a virus referred to as Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV). Herpes is transmitted via close contacts with the mucous-covered part of the mouth, genital skin or vagina. The complications of herpes are often restricted to persons with poor immunity because of the broken shield of the immune system. This is one of the reasons a baby may contract herpes if the mother, at the stage of delivery, was infected with genital herpes.
Another popular venereal disease is trichomoniasis which is occasioned by a parasite known as Trichomonas Vaginalis. Women often become more infected with the disease than men due to their body metabolism. One of the symptoms that may be experienced includes a yellowish vaginal discharge, which of course, do not occur in men.
HIV, which is a known virus that causes AIDS, is also classified as a venereal disease. When one is infected with HIV, the immune system becomes weakened which makes the patient susceptible to other opportunistic infections. The symptoms include:
- Weight loss
- Swollen glands
- Nervous system disorders
- Cancer and many more.
Some Facts about Venereal Disease
- They are mostly transmitted via sexual contacts with an infected person
- Some venereal diseases like HIV and chronic Hepatitis B have no cure but can be managed with recommended medications
- Condoms may be used to prevent venereal diseases but cannot be 100 prevent effective in all circumstances
- Women tend to suffer more from venereal diseases than men.
One can conclude by saying that the subject of venereal diseases is discussed daily all over the world and the focus of each message has always been to encourage its preventive measures. The use of condoms and keeping of just one partner would come in handy; and if one is ever infected, recourse should be immediately taken to a qualified medical practitioner.