HIV, or the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, is a common sexually-transmitted disease, not only in the United States but also in other parts of the globe.
There are several ways to spread this infection, and here are the most common ones:
1. Sexual contact – the exchange of bodily fluids while having sex allows the transmission of the virus from the infected person to his or her sex partner. Also, contact with a damaged tissue or mucous membrane can transmit the virus.
2. Sharing of needles, syringes, etc – if you use needles, syringes, and other similar paraphernalia also used by an HIV infected person, you are at risk of contracting the virus.
3. From pregnant woman to baby – the virus can be passed on from the mother to the baby during pregnancy, upon delivery, or while breastfeeding.
4. Deep-mouthed kissing – the HIV can be passed on if the patient is suffering from bleeding gums or has an open sore and exchanges blood and/or saliva with another patient. However, HIV transmission through this is very rare.
5. Contact with open wounds, broken skin, or mucous membranes of an HIV-infected person
6. Contact with HIV-positive blood – medical workers that handle this type of samples should always wear the right protective gear.