Chlamydia is a prevailing infection that is sexually transmitted and you may not be aware you have it because the majority of people never develop any signs of it.
Who it affects
Chlamydia affects both genders and occurs in all ages, though it's greater among young females. Early stages of chlamydia infections often have no indications that it is active. By the time you have any indications, it usually starts one to three weeks after introduction to chlamydia.
Indications of chlamydia infection may include
- Painful or burning feeling while peeing
- Vaginal discharge
- Discharge from the penis
- Intercourse that hurts
- Bleeding between cycles and after sex for females
- Pain in testicles
Go to a doctor
See your doctor if you have any of the above indications. Also, see your doctor if you’ve been informed of a positive test of chlamydia by your partner.
Chlamydia is caused by bacteria.
Things that boost your risk of chlamydia
- Age (under 25)
- More than one sex partner within the past year
- Not using condoms properly
- Prior sexual related infections
For your appointment
You will need to answer the following questions:
- When did you notice the problem?
- Does anything help or make it worse?
- What medications and supplements do you use consistently, this all prescription and over the counter medications, vitamins, etc.?
Things to ask the doctor
- What about other sexually transmitted infections?
- What about my partner being tested or treated for chlamydia infection?
- Should I abstain from sex during treatment? For how long?
- How can I prevent getting chlamydia?
Questions from the doctor
The doctor is likely to ask you a number of questions, such as:
- Is there a new sexual partner(s)?
- Proper condom use?
- Is there any pelvic pain?
- Is there any pain while urinating?
- What about sores or unusual discharge?
Finding and treating
- For women, your physician takes a sample of the fluid from your cervix for testing.
- For men, your doctor inserts a slim swab to get a sample from the urethra. In some cases, your physician may take a sample of the anus as well.
- A sample of your urine to be tested.
Once you have test positive and been treated for chlamydia infection, you will need to be retested in roughly three months.
How is it treated
Chlamydia isn't difficult to treat once you know you have it but if left untreated, however, chlamydia can lead to severe health problems. It is usually treated with penicillin or sulfa drugs. This can be done in either a one dose pill or 2 to 3 pills a day for up to 10 days.
In most cases, the infection clears up within a couple of weeks. During that time, you should not have sexual relations of any kind. Your sexual partner or partners also need treatment even if they have no signs or symptoms.
There is no immunity or vaccine against chlamydia, you can become infected more than once in your lifetime.