HIV Infection And Symptoms

There are various versions of HIV symptoms, depending on the phase of the infection in which the body is currently fighting against the virus. At first, most people will experience flu-like symptoms, in most cases within two to four weeks of the infection.

The Early Stage

These symptoms that imitate the flu also have a name, which is an acute retroviral syndrome, or ARS, or even a primary HIV infection, and it occurs because the body has detected the virus and is trying to fight it in its own way. In order to know what is happening to your body, you have to have enough knowledge to recognize those symptoms, which include fever, as the most common of them all, then a sore throat and swollen glands, sometimes rash and the feeling of being really tired, muscle pain and headaches. We all had those symptoms, and we know how they feel when we have the flu, for example, but in the case of HIV infection they last basically from a few days to a few weeks and feel a bit different. Also, do not automatically think that you have HIV if you experienced those symptoms, they could be a sign of the flu coming your way, or some other sexually transmitted diseases, and that depends largely on your lifestyle. These symptoms are not a secure way to diagnose an HIV infection, and that is why a person should get tested if they think they might have gotten infected with HIV virus in some way. These tests are often traditional ones, and they detect the antibodies in your system, but in this early stage your body does not produce these antibodies yet, so it is hard to detect the virus, However, there are some new tests which were approved recently that can detect the presence of HIV virus in your system at this early stage.

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The Stage of Clinical Latency

When this early stage is over, there comes a new stage called the clinical latency stage, which means that this is the time when the virus is developing in a person’s body without the sings of any symptoms at all. This is also the tricky part, because people who are infected with HIV virus do not experience any kinds of symptoms, and they do not get tested because they think the danger is over. This phase is also called a chronic HIV infection. HIV virus is multiplying slowly in this stage, but it is not dormant. In order to detect the virus in this stage, you should get tested, because there is no other way to tell for sure.

The Stage of Progression to AIDS

If you are infected with the HIV virus and if you are not undergoing any treatment, the virus will eventually weaken your body by attacking the immune system, and slowly progressing to AIDS, which is an acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. The symptoms range from weight loss to neurologic disorders.