In the world we live in today, sexually active adults have formed a habit of oral sex which is currently practiced almost everywhere; from cities to the suburbs; among teenagers and even grannies. Oral sex practically involves the use of the lips, tongue or mouth to stimulate the penis (fellatio), anus (anilingus), or vagina (cunnilingus) of a sexual partner. The genitals here refer also to the testicles, penis, vagina, clitoris, labia, and the areas around them.
Can STDs be contracted during oral sex?
This question has had several answers but it is necessary to reiterate that STDs, among other infections, can be contracted through oral sex. This occurs when one is exposed to an infected partner during oral sex which could occasion the STD in the genitals, throat, rectum, or mouth. Some factors are responsible, however, for the contraction of oral STDs which include:
- The number of specific sexual acts performed.
- The type of STD the infected person is suffering from.
- The level at which such STD is common in the population the sex partner belongs to.
Some STDs that can be passed on through oral sex
A person puts him or herself at the risk of Chlamydia when involved in oral sexual activities such as:
- Having oral sex with a man infected on his penis which can result to Chlamydia in the throat.
- Having oral sexual intercourse with a woman infected in her vagina which may lead to getting Chlamydia in the throat of the uninfected person.
- Having oral sexual intercourse on the anus of a Chlamydia-infected partner which may lead to contacting Chlamydia in the uninfected person’s rectum.
It is important to know that Chlamydia has its own specific areas of infection in the body when it is occasioned by oral sex. These areas of the body therefore include:
- Urinary tract
The above parts of the body consequently show no symptoms in many circumstances but whenever they do, the person infected with Chlamydia as a result of oral sex may experience any or a combination of the following:
- Discharge or rectal pain.
- Discharge from the penis or vagina which may be bloody in some circumstances.
- Burning sensation during urination.
- Swollen and painful testicles.
Treatment of Chlamydia
Chlamydia can be totally cured with the use of the right medicine and it is advisable that when the infected person is cured, his or her sexual partner(s) should undergo the treatment process also. It is usually advised as a treatment procedure that persons who are being treated should not have sex until after the end of the treatment. On the other hand, Chlamydia could be passed to as many people as possible if left untreated.
This is another STD that can be contacted as a result of oral sexual activities. It is quite similar to Chlamydia and commonly referred to as “the clap” with the effects being accompanied by apparent physical symptoms. Persons who have contracted gonorrhea as a result of oral sex complain of pain during urination, experience abnormal discharge, and anal bleeding or itching.
Gonorrhea contracted through oral sexual intercourse targets the cervix, throat, urethra and pelvic organ which may consequently lead to complications during pregnancy, or even infertility. An infected person may therefore experience:
- Red and white spots in the mouth
- Spots in the throat which makes it sore
- Trouble swallowing
- Yellow discharge
It is, however, important to know that gonorrhea contracted through oral sexual practice may be cured effectively with the use of antibiotics.
This form of STD may be contracted by engaging in analingus with a person infected with Hepatitis A. This disease which is a viral liver infection and is rarely contracted through sexual intercourse is, however, preventable through vaccination/immunization.
The Human Papilloma Virus which is commonly transferred through sexual intercourse falls among the class of those which can be contracted through oral sex. HPV, which is also referred to as genital warts and similar to herpes, can spread its virus through an intimate skin-to-skin contact with the body just as much like through bodily fluids. The practice of safe oral sex is therefore advised so as to reduce the chances of contracting HPV. This is quite difficult since the condom cannot always cover warts and transmission may occur in the process.
Other STDs which can be contracted via oral sex include:
- Oral herpes
- Genital herpes
Treatment of Oral STDs
The form of treatment to be utilized by a person infected with oral STD is determined by the type and its severity. A person with mild oral herpes may, for example, be treated via the prescription of a topical anesthetic which helps to reduce pain and restore oral health. Oral gonorrhea, on the other hand, can be treated with the use of antibiotics like cephalosporins with its treatment instructions being followed diligently.
In conclusion, one is advised that oral STDs can be prevented only by practicing oral sex with protection and as well a standard life of oral hygiene which would facilitate the reduction or elimination of any sore, cuts, and infections in the mouth.