As the world gears further towards globalization, many types of viruses not known in several regions across the world are now being noticed frequently today. These viruses come as different types and also have different resultant effects when one has become infected with them. The liver virus happens to be one of these popular viruses in the world today that has a long line of history.
The various types of Liver Viruses
Unlike the Human Immunodeficiency Virus which is known to be a general one, the liver virus cuts across many types showing different symptoms and implications when a person becomes infected. They are deadly, common, and easily transmissible. Below is a short description of these terrible viruses.
The Hepatitis A Virus
This is a common type of liver virus that moves via contaminated water, food, and feces of an infected person unto an uninfected person. According to data collected by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) in the USA, it is said to occasion about 1,781 new cases each year. While that is scary, this virus is an acute illness as it never progresses to being chronic like other viruses.
The Hepatitis A virus is also regarded as an infectious virus because of its ability to move from one person to another like many types of infections through water, human waste, and many other channels. It is important to add that oral secretions may also be a medium by which the virus is spread and this puts people who have close contacts with one another at a very high risk of passing the virus around.
This is because oral secretions like kissing and contacts with the stool of an infected person are mediums of transmission when adequate precautions are not taken.
The Hepatitis B Virus
In 2013, according to the CDC, over 19,000 cases of Hepatitis B virus infections were reported and this situation leads to the death of 1,800 yearly as the records show.
Hepatitis B virus may be passed from person to person via blood contacts which could be through sharing of sharp objects, sexual intercourse, or even transfusion of infected blood.
It is important to understand that unlike the Hepatitis A virus, the Hepatitis B Virus may develop from acute into the chronic stage which could last for about 6 months or many years as it continues to spread to other people as long as the infected person continues to have contacts with uninfected persons.
Since many people hardly become conscious or cautious of their health, the CDC estimates that about 2 billion people in the world and 2.2 million people in America would progress from the acute stage to the chronic stage when they are infected with the Hepatitis B virus.
The Hepatitis C Virus
Reports from the CDC concerning the Hepatitis C virus shows that about 16,500 cases are reported yearly in America. This virus can also be transferred to an uninfected person via sexual contacts which, although is rare, is very possible.
Its usual mode of transmission includes having a blood transfusion, hemodialysis, and sharing of contaminated sharp objects with an infected person. Notably, patients who have been infected with the Hepatitis C virus stand a very high chance of experiencing liver failures among other conditions like cancer and cirrhosis.
Currently, about 3.2 million people are estimated to be living with chronic Hepatitis C virus in America which necessitates the need for one to always stick to recommended preventive measures.
The symptoms that could be occasioned by a virus of the liver
- Easy bleeding
- Swollen abdomen
- Loss of appetite
- Fatigue, and many more
Prevention of Liver Virus
Liver failure or the infection of any liver virus can be prevented with habits that can limit the tendency. Some of the tips to help achieve adequate protection against liver virus include:
- Regular consumption of healthy balanced diets that consists of all the food groups.
- Abstinence from alcohol or a very low level of intake if it is difficult to abstain.
- Use of protection during sexual intercourse especially when one is not sure about the health status of the other partner. It is important to note that contraceptives are not a shield to being infected because many have become infected with different viruses under the belief that the pill would shield them.
- Regular vaccination against liver viruses like immunoglobulin to prevent Hepatitis A and B.
- The practice of adequate or proper hygiene because the virus may be transmitted due to lack of simple washing of hands.
The liver virus could occasion a life-threatening and severe medical condition that would necessitate urgent medical attention which has cost many their lives.
This is why many organizations like the CDC, WHO, and many others are insistent on the need to be vaccinated and for people to also stick to precautionary measures so as to reduce, greatly, the number of liver virus cases in the world at large.