Quantifying the number of STDs which people from all over the world suffer from is almost like an impossibility because it varies on numerous grounds. Whether or not an STD is common in a particular place is determined by how often people have tested positive or how often the disease is being treated at a particular time. Be that as it may, there exist some common STDs which have troubled, and is still troubling a large number of people in the world today.
Roughly 20 million grown-ups in the U.S.A are said to live with one sexually transmitted disease or the other which is proof that healthcare workers always have an STD patient to manage or deal with on a daily basis.
Another remarkable point to note is that some of these STDs are asymptomatic but does not shield the uninfected person from contracting the disease, thereby, putting them at the risk of serious health challenges, or death, as the case may be.
What are the common STDs?
Knowing some of these common STDs would go a long way to protect one’s self, his or her partner, and the world at large because awareness of the disease is a first step to overcoming STD. the most common STDs are:
This is a bacterial infection which occurs as a result of having unprotected sex with a person who is infected with the disease. The possible symptoms when one is infected with the disease are burning sensation during urination, penile or vaginal discharge, and many more.
It is important to add that some people may be infected with Chlamydia and experience no symptoms. This does not negate the fact that they have the disease, anyway. Sexual activities like oral and anal sex could also be a medium through which one could be infected with the disease. Added to this, one may become infected with Chlamydia by other means different from sexual intercourse, like being born by a woman who had Chlamydia during her pregnancy, etc.
All hope is not lost even for this common STD because it can be treated with antibiotics. However, if one decides to ignore, severe health conditions like infertility may occur in the case of a woman, and painful inflammation in men.
Genital Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
HPV is another common STD which about 14 million people in the United States suffer from yearly. It would interest one to know that there are over 40 different types of HPV and an infected person would feel changes in the mouth, throat or genitals when untreated.
One can contract HPV through oral, vaginal or anal sex even when the other infected partner shows no symptoms. The good news is that HPV infections cannot be categorized as always harmful and the symptoms often disappear without treatment in about 2 years.
Some people even categorize gonorrhea as the most common STD in the world given that over 800,000 new cases are reported yearly in the United States alone. A person is said to have gonorrhea when the bacteria infect a woman’s reproductive tract which then develops in the mouth, eyes, urethra, or anus, as the case may be.
Just like Chlamydia, gonorrhea can be treated with various antibiotics and failure would lead to severe health challenges. These health challenges may lead to infertility or complications during pregnancy in women and infertility in men also.
Sores are said to come to mind when a person hears this STD because it is the obvious symptom of the disease. These sores may occur in the mouth, on the lips, or genitals and are spread via sexual contacts of different forms.
Syphilis progresses in stages and one may not notice the symptoms until about 90 days which would subsequently last for weeks, months or years. Syphilis could also be managed with the use of antibiotics which has to be done piously to facilitate a speedy recovery.
HIV is a virus that brings about AIDS and is popularly known for its non-existence of a cure, unlike other common STDs. HIV attacks the immune system of the infected person and weakens the cells which makes it too lazy to fight infections. Once a person is infected with HIV, it also opens up room for other opportunistic infections which include pneumonia, fever, tuberculosis, cancer, and many more.
Other common STDs include:
- Genital Herpes
- Genital Warts
Irrespective of the common nature of these STDs, several preventive measures like the use of condoms and faithfulness to one partner can be adapted to shield against contracting them. STDs are common and millions over the world are living with them but there is a great possibility to never join them. Get tested today.