1879 was when about 7 individuals were discovered to experience pneumonia in Switzerland after they were exposed to some tropical pet birds. Since then, Chlamydia Psittaci has been viewed as lethal intracellular species of bacteria that may occasion respiratory psittacosis when humans are exposed to it. It is important to know that domesticated poultry, feral birds, pigs, cattle, and horses appear as potential hosts of Chlamydia Psittaci which may be transmitted to an uninfected person by ingestion from birds to mammals or inhalation of air in their surroundings.
Chlamydia Psittaci is a severe and life-threatening condition and begins with flu-like symptoms which when ignored, may occasion pneumonia. It suffices to also emphasize at this point that Chlamydia Psittaci may bring about an uncommon infection which is known as Parrot Fever.
For these reasons, the CDC carried out a major research and discovered that less than 10 human reports of Parrot Fever have been recorded since 2010. Be that as it may, one cannot conclude that the infection is not common because of its similarity in symptoms with other types of conditions.
Contracting Chlamydia Psittaci
Humans can contract this infection from various animals, and for specific purposes, parrot fever would be looked at. A person can become infected with Chlamydia Psittaci from birds which include:
- Chickens, and many more of the same class.
A person may become infected with Chlamydia Psittaci by the close handling of an infected bird or inhaling the particles of its feces and bodily excretions. It, therefore, becomes necessary to recognize the symptoms of an infected bird so as to protect oneself from the infection. They include:
- Difficulty in breathing
- Loss of weight
- Sleepiness and lethargy
- Discolored urine or feces which may appear to be greenish
- Loss of appetite.
The symptoms of Parrot Fever caused by Chlamydia Psittaci
Since Parrot Fever tends to be one of the most common diseases which Chlamydia Psittaci causes, it is important to be knowledgeable about its symptoms in order to effectively manage them when observed. These symptoms may be noticeable after approximately 10 days after exposure to the disease, but relatively, some experience it earlier or later, as the case may be. These symptoms include:
- Nausea and vomiting
- A dry cough
- Pain in the joint and muscle
- General body weakness
- Fever and chills
- Chest pain
- Light sensitivity
- Shortness of breath
- A mild headache
- Chest pain
- Bloody nose
- Abnormal sounds while breathing
- A sore throat
- Abdominal pain
- Agitation, and many more.
As earlier explained, Chlamydia Psittaci is not commonly detected given its very similar symptoms to other types of bacterial infections which may occasion conditions like:
- Infective endocarditis
The diagnosis of Chlamydia Psittaci
Since Chlamydia Psittaci is an uncommon bacteria, it is misdiagnosed often and suspected by doctors to be severe conditions of pneumonia. To effectively diagnose the bacteria, several conditions may be employed for an accurate result. They include, but are not limited to:
- The use of sputum culture to confirm the existence of Chlamydia Psittaci by a certified medical practitioner.
- Accurate blood tests to truly confirm whether Chlamydia Psittaci exists in the body.
- Urine and X-ray test could also come in handy but are not often used since they have no exact confirmation mechanism for bacteria.
Prevention of Chlamydia Psittaci
Just like many other bacteria, Chlamydia Psittaci can be prevented with methods which would reduce the chances of contracting it. Having a clean environment may be one of the finest ways to shield against the infection since the animals would also be prevented from acquiring it in the first place.
Another method is to feed one’s domesticated poultry, pigs, cattle and sheep properly with enough space to keep them ventilated and healthy. Pets should also be bought from reputable shops that can assure one of a good purchase. In addition, a regular wash of hands after handling the animals should be practiced especially when the nose, beak, and mouth of birds are touched.
Treatment of Chlamydia Psittaci
The use of macrolides or tetracycline are very potent in combating Chlamydia Psittaci and at the point of prescription, the doctor may recommend it to be taken orally or intravenously. It is important to note that the treatment would continue for about 10 to 14 days till the symptoms subside. Furthermore, smoking is not advised in the process.
Whatever stands one takes, it should be in line with the instructions of a qualified medical personnel so as to achieve the most desired positive result.