How Do Hepatitis B Surface Antigens Work in The Human Body?
One of the most notorious sexually transmitted diseases is the hepatitis infection which is very common among sex workers and those with numerous sexual partners. The hepatitis infection affects the liver and eventually causes an inflammation in the surrounding cells of the liver, largely due to the reaction between hepatitis virus and the consequent antibodies generated to fight against the virus.
Hepatitis B Virus is one of the 5 basic types of hepatitis viral infection. The virus which is majorly transmitted via unprotected sexual intercourse, and other means, is capable of destroying the liver over time and rendering the organ useless, it also appears to be the most significant viral infection in the world according to the WHO.
Hepatitis B virus presents little or no symptoms when present in the body, although mild symptoms may occur, some examples are:
- Diarrhea. The inability of the body to control bowel release, thereby, leading to a continuous loss of water and electrolyte from the body.
- Abdominal pain. Pain in the abdominal region around the intestinal walls.
- Jaundice. The appearance of yellow coloration in the eye and skin due to the accumulation of bilirubin in the body.
Due to the phobia (fear) associated with contracting the viral infection, science has devised a way of preventing the infection by the use of vaccine even when contact is made with the virus; the vaccines prevent the virus from attacking the vital organs of the body and thereafter, disrupting normal body function. Vaccines are made up of proteins which after injection stimulate the production of antibodies and prepare the body against the viral infection.
Vaccines are mostly injected directly into the bloodstream, the antibodies which are thereafter produced by the body after the injection of vaccines are known as Hepatitis B surface Antigen (HBsAg).
Important Facts about Hepatitis B Surface Antigen
- Hepatitis B surface antigen which is the antibody produced by the injection of hepatitis vaccine is stronger than the usual antibodies normally generated by the body on the invasion of the hepatitis virus.
- Hepatitis B surface antigen is also used to test for the strength of Hepatitis B virus.
- Test for Hepatitis B surface antigen is usually insignificant during the window period of the infection. The window period is the time it takes the body to produce antibodies in response to the viral entry of the infection to the body.
- In pregnant women, the hepatitis B surface antigen test cannot be used for the confirmation of hepatitis B infection.
- Immediately after the injection of hepatitis B vaccine, the individual will test positive for the hepatitis B surface antigen test. This is because of the reaction of the body to the vaccine by producing antibodies.
- Testing positive to hepatitis B surface antigen test indicates that you have been infected with the hepatitis B virus; however, testing negative to hepatitis B surface antigen test indicates that you have not been infected with the hepatitis B virus.
- Hepatitis B surface antigen test is carried out with other tests to confirm the presence of Hepatitis B virus in the blood. Therefore, the Hepatitis B surface antigen test cannot be done alone.
Other treatments for Hepatitis B virus
The vaccine, as we all know, is the best form of protection against the virus because one might be exposed to the virus at any point in time. If you know you are at the risk of contracting the infection, visit your physician today and request for the hepatitis B vaccine so as to be protected from the viral infection. However, apart from vaccines, other treatments exist for hepatitis B virus, they are:
- Rest. The body can heal itself and get rid of the virus if adequate rest is observed by the individual. The worn out cells are repaired and the virus is eliminated from the body with the help of the antibodies if you can have enough rest.
- Hydration. Hydration is the addition of water to the body. Water therapy, as it is called by many, also serves as a wonderful remedy for the hepatitis B infection.
- Antiviral medications. In long-term hepatitis, antiviral drugs are used for the better management of the infection. The drug suppresses the action of the virus and boosts the immune system.
- Liver transplant. In a very critical situation, the liver is damaged by the virus beyond repair. When this occurs, the only solution is organ transplant, which is the removal of worn out liver and replacement with a good working condition liver.
The best form of management is prevention, and the best form of prevention of the hepatitis virus is the use of the vaccine. Get vaccinated today by qualified physicians and rest assured that the Hepatitis B surface antigen which would be produced on arrival of the vaccine is capable of eliminating the virus whenever contact is made with the hepatitis B virus.